October 31, 2005 | By Space.com | U.S. Military Wants to Own the Weather|
“— a way to precisely aim and time lightning strikes over the enemy’s head – thereby concoct thunderbolts on demand..”
“The one-two hurricane punch from Katrina and Wilma along with predictions of more severe weather in the future has scientists pondering ways to save lives, protect property and possibly even control the weather.
While efforts to tame storms have so far been clouded by failure, some researchers aren’t willing to give up the fight. And even if changing the weather proves overly challenging, residents and disaster officials can do a better job planning and reacting.
In fact, military officials and weather modification experts could be on the verge of joining forces to better gauge, react to, and possibly nullify future hostile forces churned out by Mother Nature.
While some consider the idea far fetched, some military tacticians have already pondered ways to turn weather into a weapon.
Harbinger of things to come?
The U.S. military reaction in the wake of Hurricane Katrina that slammed the U.S.Gulf coast might be viewed as a harbinger of things to come. While in this case it was joint air and space operations to deal with after-the-fact problems, perhaps the foundation for how to fend off disastrous weather may also be forming.
Numbers of space borne assets were tapped, among them:
- Navigation and timing signals from the Global Positioning System (GPS) of satellites;
- The Global Broadcast Service, a one-way, space-based, high-capacity broadcast communication system;
- The Army’s Spectral Operations Resource Center to exploit commercial remote sensing satellite imagery and prepare high-resolution images to civilian and military responders to permit a better understanding of the devastated terrain;
- U.S. Air Force Space Command’s Space and Missile Systems Center Defense Meteorological Satellite Program (DMSP) satellites that compared “lights at night” images before and after the disaster to provide data on human activity.
Is it far-fetched to see in this response the embryonic stages of an integrated military/civilian weather reaction and control system?
Mandate to continually improve
The use of space-based equipment to assist in clean-up operations — with a look toward future prospects — was recently noted by General Lance Lord, Commander, Air Force Space Command at an October 20th Pacific Space Leadership Forum inHawaii.
“We saw first hand the common need for space after the December 2004 tsunami in theIndian Ocean,” Lord said. “Natural disasters don’t respect international boundaries. Space capabilities were leveraged immediately after the tsunami to help in the search and rescue effort…but what about before the disaster?”
Lord said that an even better situation is to have predicted the coming disaster and warned those in harm’s way. “No matter what your flag or where you waive it from…the possibility of saving hundreds of thousands of people is a mandate to continually improve,” he advised.
The U.S. Air Force is also looking at ways to make satellites and satellite launches cheaper and also reduce the amount of time it takes to launch into space from months to weeks to days and hours, Lord said. Having that capability will increase responsiveness to international needs, he said, such as the ability to send up a satellite to help collect information and enhance communications when dealing with international disasters.
Thunderbolts on demand
What would a military strategist gain in having an “on-switch” to the weather?
Clearly, it offers the ability to degrade the effectiveness of enemy forces. That could come from flooding an opponent’s encampment or airfield to generating down right downpours that disrupt enemy troop comfort levels. On the flip side, sparking a drought that cuts off fresh water can stir up morale problems for war fighting foes.
Even fooling around with fog and clouds can deny or create concealment – whichever weather manipulation does the needed job.
In this regard, nanotechnology could be utilized to create clouds of tiny smart particles. Atmospherically buoyant, these ultra-small computer particles couldnavigate themselves to block optical sensors. Alternatively, they might be used to provide an atmospheric electrical potential difference — a way to precisely aim and time lightning strikes over the enemy’s head – thereby concoct thunderbolts on demand.
Perhaps that’s too far out for some. But some blue sky thinkers have already looked into these and other scenarios in “Weather as a Force Multiplier: Owning the Weather in 2025” – a research paper written by a seven person team of military officers and presented in 1996 as part of a larger study dubbed Air Force 2025.
That report came with requisite disclaimers, such as the views expressed were those of the authors and didn’t reflect the official policy or position of the United States Air Force, Department of Defense, or the United States government.Furthermore, the report was flagged as containing fictional representations of future situations and scenarios.
On the other hand, Air Force 2025 was a study that complied with a directive from the chief of staff of the Air Force “to examine the concepts, capabilities, and technologies the United States will require to remain the dominant air and space force in the future.”
“Current technologies that will mature over the next 30 years will offer anyone who has the necessary resources the ability to modify weather patterns and their corresponding effects, at least on the local scale,” the authors of the report explained. “Current demographic, economic, and environmental trends will create global stresses that provide the impetus necessary for many countries or groups to turn this weather-modification ability into a capability.”
Pulling it all together
The report on weather-altering ideas underscored the capacity to harness such power in the not too distant future.
“Assuming that in 2025 our national security strategy includes weather-modification, its use in our national military strategy will naturally follow. Besides the significant benefits an operational capability would provide, another motivation to pursue weather-modification is to deter and counter potential adversaries,”the report stated. “The technology is there, waiting for us to pull it all together,” the authors noted.
In 2025, the report summarized, U.S. aerospace forces can “own the weather” by capitalizing on emerging technologies and focusing development of those technologies to war-fighting applications.
“Such a capability offers the war fighter tools to shape the battle space in ways never before possible. It provides opportunities to impact operations acrossthe full spectrum of conflict and is pertinent to all possible futures,”the report concluded.
But if whipping up weather can be part of a warfighter’s tool kit, couldn’t those talents be utilized to retarget or neutralize life, limb and property-destroying storms?
“It is time to provide funds for application of the scientific method to weather modification and control,” said Bernard Eastlund, chief technical officer and founder of Eastlund Scientific Enterprises Corporation in San Diego,California.
Eastlund’s background is in plasma physics and commercial applications of microwave plasmas. At a lecture early this month at Penn State Lehigh Campus in Fogelsville, Pennsylvania, he outlined new concepts for electromagnetic wave interactions with the atmosphere that, among a range of jobs, could be applied to weather modification research.
“The technology of artificial ionospheric heating could be as important for weather modification research as accelerators have been for particle physics,”Eastlund explained.
In September, Eastland filed a patent on a way to create artificial ionized plasma patterns with megawatts of power using inexpensive microwave power sources.This all-weather technique, he noted, can be used to heat specific regions of the atmosphere.
Eastlund’s research is tuned to artificial generation of acoustic and gravitational waves in the atmosphere. The heating of steering winds to help shove aroundmesocyclones and hurricanes, as well as controlling electrical conductivity ofthe atmosphere is also on his investigative agenda.
Carefully tailored program plan
Eastlund said that the reduction in severity or impact of severe weather could be demonstrated as part of a carefully tailored program plan.
“In my opinion, the new technology for use of artificial plasma layers in the atmosphere: as heater elements to modify steering winds, as a modifier of electrostatic potential to influence lightning distribution, and for generation of acoustic and gravitational waves, could ultimately provide a core technology for a science of severe weather modification,” Eastlund told SPACE.com.
The first experiments of a program, Eastlund emphasized, would be very small, and designed for safety. For example, a sample of air in a jet stream could be heated with a pilot experimental installation. Such experiments would utilize relatively small amounts of power, between one and ten megawatts, he pointed out.
Both ground-based and space weather diagnostic instruments could measure the effect. Computer simulations could compare these results with predicted effects. This process can be iterated until reliable information is obtained on the effects of modifying the wind.
Computer simulations of hurricanes, Eastlund continued, are designed to determine the most important wind fields in hurricane formation. Computer simulations of mesocyclones use steering wind input data to predict severe storm development.
After about 5 years of such research, and further development of weather codes, a pilot experiment to modify the steering winds of a mesocylone might be safely attempted. Such an experiment would probably require 50 to 100 megawatts, Eastlund speculated.
“I estimate this new science of weather modification will take 10 to 20 years to mature to the point where it is useful for controlling the severity and impact of severe weather systems as large as hurricanes,” Eastlund explained.
Another reason for embarking on this new science could be to make sure inadvertent effects of existing projects, such as the heating of the ionosphere and modifications of the polar electrojet, are not having effects on weather, Eastlund stated.
As example, Eastlund pointed to the High frequency Active Auroral Research Program(HAARP).This is a major Arctic facility for upper atmospheric and solar-terrestrial research, being built on a Department of Defense-owned site near Gakona, Alaska.
Eastlund wonders if HAARP does, in fact, generate gravity waves. If so, can those waves in turn influence severe weather systems?
Started in 1990, the unclassified HAARP program is jointly managed by the U.S. Air Force Research Laboratory and the Office of Naval Research. Researchers at the site make use of a high-power ionospheric research instrument to temporarily excite a limited area of the ionosphere for scientific study, observing and measuring the excited region using a suite of devices.
The fundamental goal of research conducted at the facility is to study and understand natural phenomena occurring in the Earth’s ionosphere and near-space environment. According to the HAARP website, those scientific investigations will have major value in the design of future communication and navigation systems for both military and civilian use.
Messing with Mother Nature
Who best to have their hands on the weather control switches?
The last large hurricane modification experiments — under ProjectStormfury — were carried out by the U.S. Air Force, Eastlund said.”It is likely the Department of Defense would be the lead agency in any new efforts in severe storm modification.”
Additionally, federal laboratories with their extensive computational modeling skills would also play a lead role in the development of a science of weather modification.NASA and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) would find their respective niches too. The satellite diagnostic capabilities in those agencies would play a strong role, Eastlund suggested.
It appears that only modest amounts of government dollars have been spent on weather modification over the last five years.
“Hurricane Katrina could cost $300 billion by itself,” Eastlund said. “In my opinion, it is time for a serious scientific effort in weather modification.”
“Global warming appears to be a reality, and records could continue to fall in the hurricane severity sweepstakes,” Eastlund said. “When I first suggested the use of space-based assets for the prevention of tornadoes, many people expressed their displeasure with ‘messing with Mother Nature’. I still remember hiding in the closet of our house in Houston as a tornado passed overhead. It is time for serious, controlled research, with the emphasis on safety, for the good of mankind,” he concluded.”
This article is part of SPACE.com’s weekly Mystery Monday series.
“In my opinion, the new technology for use of artificial plasma layers in the atmosphere: as heater elements to modify steering winds, as a modifier of electrostatic potential to influence lightning distribution, and for generation of acoustic and gravitational waves, could ultimately provide a core technology for a science of severe weather modification,” Eastlund told SPACE.com.” Link
Method and Apparatus for Altering A Region in the Earth’s Atmosphere, Ionosphere, and/or Magnetosphere
US PatentUS4686605A | August 11, 1987
Inventor: Bernard J. Eastlund
“…artificial plasma layers in the atmosphere: as heater elements to modify steering winds, as a modifier of electrostatic potential to influence lightning distribution” Link
Link To Full Article Lasers used to trigger thunderstorms-
“…Triggering lightning strikes is an important tool for basic and applied research because it enables researchers to study the mechanisms underlying lightning strikes. Moreover, triggered lightning strikes will allow engineers to evaluate and test the lightning-sensitivity of airplanes and critical infrastructure such as power lines.
Pulsed lasers represent a potentially very powerful technology for triggering lightning because they can form a large number of plasma filaments – ionized channels of molecules in the air that act like conducting wires extending into the thundercloud. This is such a simple concept that the idea of using lasers to trigger lightning strikes was first suggested more than 30 years ago. But scientists have not been able to accomplish this to date because previous lasers have not been powerful enough to generate long plasma channels. The current generation of more powerful lasers, like the one developed by Kasparian’s team, may change that.”
10,800 Lighting Strikes Spark Hundreds of Fires In California
August 20, 2020
*OBSERVE Lightning Interaction in Cloud Cover*
“What does it look like when 10,800 lightning strikes spark 367 fires in the Bay Area and beyond?
This video, compiled from more than 400 satellite images from late Saturday through Thursday morning, is the answer — a fascinating view of California’s latest wildfire infernos from miles high in the sky.
The weekend’s freak lightning storms were only the ignition. Over the next 72 hours, hundreds of fires — some of them smoldering trees deep in the forest known as “sleepers” — exploded across Contra Costa, Santa Clara, Santa Cruz, San Mateo, Marin, Sonoma and Napa counties.
The time-lapse video compiles three separate sets of satellite imagery taken at 30-minute intervals, downloaded using the SLIDER tool from the Regional and Mesoscale Meteorology Branch (RAMMB) and the Cooperative Institute for Research in the Atmosphere at Colorado State University.
The first layer shows lightning, flashes of bright light scattered over the first 36 hours. The fires begin to show up in the hours after the storms in the “natural fire color” view. Then, you can see smoke from the fires overtake the Bay Area on Wednesday with the classic satellite “natural color” view.
Sped up, in just one minute, watch how lightning progressed to fires and then to smoke.” Source
“California Wildfires: Role of Undisclosed Atmospheric Manipulation and Geoengineering”
October 2018 | J. Marvin Herndon and Mark Whiteside | Journal of Geography, Environment, and Earth Science International |
“In this Review, we aim to reveal an unrecognised source of causality leading to increases in combustibility, intensity, and the extent of California, United States of America wildfires, and the concomitant harm to human and environmental health. We review literature, including scientific and medical, and evidence, including photographic, of near-daily, near-global jet-spraying particulates in the atmosphere as related to wildfires. We review the evidence that atmospheric manipulation utilising aerosolised coal fly ash is a primary factor in the extent and severity of forest fires in California and elsewhere; adverse effects include exacerbation of drought, tree and vegetation die-off and desiccation, and unnaturally heating the atmosphere and surface regions of Earth. Forest combustibility is increased by moisture-absorbing aerosolised particles that damage the waxy coatings of leaves and needles, reducing their tolerance to drought. The aerial climate manipulation using coal fly ash greatly increases the potential for forest fire ignition by lightening. Wildfires dramatically worsen baseline air pollution, emitting harmful gases and volatile organic compounds, and they both concentrate and re-emit toxic elements and radioactive nuclides over a wide area. The type of air pollution created by wildfires is associated with increased all-cause mortality, with the greatest impact on respiratory and cardiovascular disease. Studies have shown that aerosolised coal fly ash is an important risk factor for chronic lung disease, lung cancer and neurodegenerative disease. Failure to recognise multifold adverse consequences of jet-spraying particulates into the atmosphere, we submit, will continue the progression of ever-accelerating ecological disasters.”
Rep. Mike Thompson, Rep. Jarred Huffman, Governor Gavin Newsom, and the rest of California’s leadership allowed and encouraged cloud seeding and weather modification programs, while gaslighting the public about the existence of the programs.
As Governor, Arnold Schwarzenegger launched
“Optimizing Cloud Seeding” in California. Link
“Cloud seeding has been conducted in California for over 55 years, one of the longest records of operational weather modification anywhere in the world.” Link To Document
The tripled debt means that every man, woman and child in the state owes $2,362 versus the $977 owed when Schwarzenegger took office. Just to pay interest every year on the state’s debt takes up 7.1% of all spending from the state’s general fund. Planned future borrowing, such as that for the California High Speed Rail System, will increase annual interest payments on debt alone to 10% of the state’s annual budget by 2012.
When Schwarzenegger was elected, he said he would rip up the state’s credit cards.
California has the world’s eighth-largest economy.
In a December 8 meeting in Sacramento, state treasurer Bill Lockyer said, “Every dollar you spend on debt service is a dollar you don’t have available to educate kids or for health-care or to spend in other ways.”” Link
2005 – Re: S. 517 “the Weather Modification Research and Development Policy Authorization Act of 2005”
“Because small scale weather modification (eg., cloud seeding) may promote rain in one area to the detriment of another, weather modification could result in inter-state (including Indian Tribes) litigation or private citizen litigation against the weather modification programs.”
“The Department of Commerce’s National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration’s (NOAA) primary atmospheric and meteorological research focus is on improving weather forecasting …”
“Sec. 101. Coordinator of United States-Israel Research and Development.
Sec. 102. Cooperation on directed energy capabilities.
Sec. 103. Cooperation on cybersecurity.
(a) Department Of Defense Appropriations Act, 2005.—Subsection (d) of section 12001 of the Department of Defense Appropriations Act, 2005 (Public Law 108–287; 118 Stat. 1011) is amended by striking “after September 30, 2020” and inserting “after September 30, 2025”.
(b) Foreign Assistance Act Of 1961.—Section 514(b)(2)(A) of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 (22 U.S.C. 2321h(b)(2)(A)) is amended by striking “2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018, 2019, and 2020” and inserting “2020, 2021, 2022, 2023, 2024, and 2025”.
(7) The 2016 Memorandum of Understanding
- reflected United States support of Foreign Military
- Financing (FMF) grant assistance to Israel over the
- 10-year period beginning in fiscal year 2019 and
- ending in fiscal year 2028. FMF grant assistance
- would be at a level of $3,300,000,000 annually, to-
- taling $33 billion, the largest single pledge of mili-
- tary assistance ever and a reiteration of the seven-
- decade, unshakeable, bipartisan commitment of the
- United States to Israel’s security.
- (8) The Memorandum of Understanding also
- reflected United States support for funding for coop-
- erative programs to develop, produce, and procure
- missile, rocket, and projectile defense capabilities
- over a 10-year period beginning in fiscal year 2019
- and ending in fiscal year 2028 at a level of $500
- million per year, totaling $5 billion. “
November, 2017 Washington, D.C.
Fiscal Years 2018-2022 | Federal Weather Enterprise Coordination
The purpose of this document is to express the strategic consensus of the member agencies of the Federal Committee for Meteorological Services and Supporting Research (FCMSSR) for coordination of the Federal Weather Enterprise (FWE, defined below) over a “foreseeable planning horizon” of about five years. Link