January 23, 2020 | By John Fialka, E&E News | AAAS Science |
Originally published by E&E News
“BOULDER, COLORADO—The top climate change scientist for the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) said he has received $4 million from Congress and permission from his agency to study two emergency—and controversial—methods to cool the Earth if the U.S. and other nations fail to reduce global greenhouse gas emissions.
David Fahey, director of the Chemical Sciences Division of NOAA’s Earth System Research Laboratory, told his staff yesterday that the federal government is ready to examine the science behind “geoengineering”—or what he dubbed a “Plan B” for climate change. Fahey said he has received backing to explore two approaches.
One is to inject sulfur dioxide or a similar aerosol into the stratosphere to help shade the Earth from more intense sunlight. It is patterned after a natural solution: volcanic eruptions, which have been found to cool the Earth by emitting huge clouds of sulfur dioxide.
The second approach would use an aerosol of sea salt particles to improve the ability of low-lying clouds over the ocean to act as shade.
This technique is borrowed from “ship tracks”—or long clouds left by the passage of ocean freighters that are seen by satellites as reflective pathways. They could be widened by injections of vapor from seawater by specialized ships to create shading effects.
Research in both techniques, Fahey emphasized, are recommended in a forthcoming study by the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine titled “Climate Intervention Strategies that Reflect Sunlight to Cool Earth.”
But in a sign of how controversial the topic is, Fahey recommended changing the nomenclature from geoengineering to “climate intervention,” which he described as a “more neutral word.”
Fahey also emphasized this is not an approval to move forward with geoengineering. Rather, it’s to prepare the U.S. government for a political decision if the world fails to adequately limit the rise of global warming.
“Geoengineering is this tangled ball of issues and science is only one of them,” he said. “One of the things I’m interested in doing is let’s separate the science out,” he added.
The idea is to give policymakers a clear view of how a hurry-up bid to save the planet would work. Even then, the results likely wouldn’t be immediate.
Fahey showed slides and graphics that noted that a Plan B might take until the next century to complete the cooling. Still, better science might “buy time” to improve the efforts, he said.”
California Wildfires: Role of Undisclosed Atmospheric Manipulation and Geoengineering
October 2018 | J. Marvin Herndon and Mark Whiteside | Journal of Geography, Environment, and Earth Science International |
“In this Review, we aim to reveal an unrecognised source of causality leading to increases in combustibility, intensity, and the extent of California, United States of America wildfires, and the concomitant harm to human and environmental health. We review literature, including scientific and medical, and evidence, including photographic, of near-daily, near-global jet-spraying particulates in the atmosphere as related to wildfires.
We review the evidence that atmospheric manipulation utilising aerosolised coal fly ash is a primary factor in the extent and severity of forest fires in California and elsewhere; adverse effects include exacerbation of drought, tree and vegetation die-off and desiccation, and unnaturally heating the atmosphere and surface regions of Earth. Forest combustibility is increased by moisture-absorbing aerosolised particles that damage the waxy coatings of leaves and needles, reducing their tolerance to drought. The aerial climate manipulation using coal fly ash greatly increases the potential for forest fire ignition by lightening.
Wildfires dramatically worsen baseline air pollution, emitting harmful gases and volatile organic compounds, and they both concentrate and re-emit toxic elements and radioactive nuclides over a wide area. The type of air pollution created by wildfires is associated with increased all-cause mortality, with the greatest impact on respiratory and cardiovascular disease. Studies have shown that aerosolised coal fly ash is an important risk factor for chronic lung disease, lung cancer and neurodegenerative disease. Failure to recognise multifold adverse consequences of jet-spraying particulates into the atmosphere, we submit, will continue the progression of ever-accelerating ecological disasters.”
It’s critical to let your elected public servants know that you are OPPOSED to current federal and international policies that facilitate cloud seeding, and other weather modification operations, which involve the intentional contamination of our atmosphere.
Decades of cloud seeding has resulted in polluted skies, extreme weather events and our current climate problems, such as drought, flooding, and explosive fires. It’s time to get serious about tackling hazardous emissions and industrial pollution.
Research The Geoengineering Act
Link To Send Letter To Your Legislator
The Federal Weather Enterprise FY2021
Hayes-Global Weather Enterprise-Summary
S. 2470 [Report No. 116-102] ENERGY AND WATER DEVELOPMENT APPROPRIATIONS BILL
September 12, 2019 | 116th Congress |In the Senate of the United States |
Chairman Shelby, Mr. McConnell, Mr. Alexander, Ms. Collins, Ms. Murkowski, Mr. Graham, Mr. Blunt, Mr. Moran, Mr. Hoeven, Mr. Boozman, Mrs. Capito,Mr. Kennedy, Mrs. Hyde-Smith, Mr. Daines, Mr. Rubio, Mr. Lankford, Mr. Leahy, Mrs. Murray, Mrs. Feinstein, Mr. Durbin, Mr. Reed, Mr. Tester, Mr. Udall, Mrs. Shaheen, Mr. Merkley, Mr. Coons, Mr. Schatz, Ms. Baldwin, Mr. Murphy, Mr. Manchin, and Mr. Van Hollen.
“The Committee encourages the Department to increase its funding for academia to perform independent evaluations of climate models using existing data sets and peer-reviewed publications of climate-scale processes to determine various models’ ability to reproduce the actual climate. The Committee continues to support the Department’s funding for colleges and universities to examine and evaluate earth system models and validate their ability to reproduce earth systems. The Committee is aware of limitations in the ability to understand and predict earth systems behavior posed by uncertainties in interactions between clouds, aerosols, and climate, an area of research highlighted as a priority by the National Climate Assessment with implications for weather prediction, infrastructure planning, and national security. Reducing uncertainty in understanding cloud aerosol effects requires investment in new techniques such as controlled experiments along with observational studies, modeling and computing. The Committee recommends $15,000,000 for cloud-aerosol research, technology innovation and computing.”
Link To Full_Document_BILLS-116s2470rs
Re: History of Meteorology and Climate Control
“The technological Basis for the Reexamination of the Feasibility of Climate Control”
“Technological developments of the past two decades have provided the understanding, the techniques, and the means necessary for an assault on the problems of climate control. Control of any kind requires capabilities in all these areas. Meteorology is just now beginning to acquire such capabilities.” -P.5 Source