NSF Award Abstract #1617844 Impacts of Climate Engineering Using Stratospheric Aerosols; RESEARCH: The Geoengineering Act

Did you know? The JFK and Lyndon Johnson administrations led climate and weather control programs. In recent times, these activities are known as “Geoengineering.”

Climate and weather modification programs include cloud seeding operations and satellite transmissions. The aerosols released in cloud seeding activities and radio-frequency / microwave radiation (RF/MW) deployed from space-based satellite and ground based wireless( 4G-5G ) irradiating infrastructures, are major health and safety hazards.

Lyndon Johnson, control the weather to control the world — 1962   LinkToVideo

1960 Climate Control


The National Science Foundation (NSF) has been one of the leading U.S. ( and Chinese )agencies funding weather & climate modification and Geoengineering. Complete lack of public oversight or regulation of these programs underscores the urgent need for laws to reign in and prohibit these extremely hazardous and destructive activities.


RESEARCH The Geoengineering Act, model legislation that can be adapted for USA States and other Nations, is a simple mechanism to tackle, fine, and outlaw Geoengineering activities.

YOU can Voice your Appreciation to the Sponsoring Representatives in Rhode Island for Leading the USA to Stop Hazardous Emissions/Geoengineering, and URGE all Representatives to VOTE YES on H8062, The Geoengineering Act, ASAP!  

Link To Contact Info To Thank Rhode Island Representatives



Take Action: Send a letter from the ZG site, Call, and Email Your State Legislators. 

Call your Federal Senators and Representatives to demand the NSF stop financing climate interventions and the U.S. immediately defund The Federal Weather Enterprise.





Alexandra May Hunter Questions Paris Climate Panel in 2015, Regarding Human Health Impacts of Geoengineering:

Link To Video




NSF Award Abstract #1617844 Impacts of Climate Engineering Using Stratospheric Aerosols

September 15, 2016 – August 31, 2020  | Alan Robock (Principal Investigator) |NSF Program Atmospheric Chemistry Climate & Large-Scale Dynamics | More NSF Funding


“Geoengineering” is the idea of taking purposeful action to offset global greenhouse warming, in this case by artificially increasing Earth’s reflectivity and thus reducing the solar energy available to the climate system. This project uses climate models, particularly the Community Earth System Model (CESM) to examine the potential consequences of injecting sulfate into the stratosphere to produce reflecting aerosols, mimicking the effect of large volcanic eruptions. The award is a continuation of previous work by the PI under AGS-1157525.

Previous work by the PI and others raised concerns that stratospheric geoengineering would result in a reduction in monsoon rainfall, with negative impacts on tropical agriculture. Here the PI proposes that the negative impacts could be mitigated using a geoengineering technique that preferentially cools the Southern Hemisphere ocean. The idea is based on research suggesting that cooling the Southern Hemisphere pushes the intertropical convergence zone northward, thereby causing preferentially greater amounts of rainfall in Northern Hemisphere monsoon regions. Numerical experiments to test this idea would be conducted by artificially altering ocean surface albedo in CESM simulations.

A second topic pursued here is the effect of stratospheric sulfate injection on terrestrial vegetation and agriculture. Previous work using vegetation models embedded in climate models suggests a small reduction in photosynthesis due to stratospheric aerosol injection, in part because scattering of sunlight by stratospheric aerosols increases diffuse surface insolation at the expense of direct sunlight (in addition to reducing total sunlight reaching the ground). But other effects could be important, in particular the increase in ultraviolet (UV) sunlight due to the reduction of stratospheric ozone as a consequences of aerosol injection (an effect seen following volcanic eruptions). The impact of increased UV on agricultural production is studied through the use of the Community Land Model (CLM), the land surface component model of CESM, using the CLM-Crop version which allows representation of agricultural crops. Some of the effort is devoted to developing CLM-Crop to include more crops and represent processes relevant to the UV impact.

In addition to the work with CESM, the project also supports the Geoengineering Model Intercomparison Project (GeoMIP), a coordinated international project in which multiple climate modeling centers perform a specified set of simulations, so that the range of possible outcomes can be assessed. The project supports annual workshops for GeoMIP participants, and is also launching an intercomparison project for crop model simulations of the agricultural impacts of geoengineering. The crop model intercomparison effort is organized under the existing Global Gridded Crop Model Intercomparison (GGCMI) initiative.

The broader impacts of this project stem from the need for studies such as this one to inform policy makers and the public regarding the potential costs and benefits of geoengineering schemes. In addition, the proposed developments to CLM-Crop will provide an enhanced resource for the research community. The project support a graduate student and a postdoc, thereby providing for the future climate science workforce.”




Gabriel, Corey J., Alan Robock, Lili Xia, Brian Zambri, and Ben Kravitz. “The G4Foam experiment: Global climate impacts of regional ocean albedo modification.,” Atmos. Chem. Phys., v.17, 2017, p. 595. doi:10.5194/acp-17-595-2017

Trisos, Christopher H., Giuseppe Amatulli, Jessica Gurevitch, Alan Robock, Lili Xia, and Brian Zambri. “Potentially dangerous consequences for biodiversity of solar geoengineering implementation and termination,” Nature Ecology & Evolution, v.2, 2018, p. 475. doi:10.1038/s41559-017-0431-0

Xia, Lili, Peer J. Nowack, Alan Robock, and Simone Tilmes. “Impacts of stratospheric sulfate geoengineering on tropospheric ozone.,” Atmos. Chem. Phys., v.17, 2017, p. 11,913. doi:10.5194/acp-17-11913-2017

Robock, Alan. “Making your own luck: A meaningful career from being open to opportunities,” Perspectives of Earth and Space Scientists, v.1, 2020, p. e2020CN00. doi:10.1029/2020CN000133

Singh, Jyoti, Sandeep Sahany, and Alan Robock. “Can stratospheric geoengineering alleviate global-warming-induced changes in deciduous fruit cultivation? The case of Himachal Pradesh (India),” Climatic Change, 2020. doi:10.1007/s10584-020-02786-3

Tilmes, Simone, Douglas G. MacMartin, Jan T. M. Lenaerts, Leo van Kampenhout, Laura Muntjewerf, Lili Xia, Cheryl S. Harrison, Kristen M. Krumhardt, Michael J. Mills, Ben Kravitz, and Alan Robock. “Reaching 1.5 and 2.0°C global surface temperature targets using stratospheric aerosol geoengineering,” Earth System Dynamics, v.11, 2020, p. 579. doi:10.5194/esd-11-579-2020

Visioni, Daniele, Eric Slessarev, Douglas G MacMartin, Natalie M Mahowald, Christine L Goodale, and Lili Xia. “What goes up must come down: Impacts of deposition in a sulfate geoengineering scenario,” Environmental Research Letters, v.15, 2020. doi:10.1088/1748-9326/ab94eb

Xu, Y., Lin, L., Tilmes, S., Dagon, K., Xia, L., Diao, C., Cheng, W., Wang, Z., Simpson, I., and Burnell, L.. “Climate engineering to mitigate the projected 21st-century terrestrial drying of the Americas: a direct comparison of carbon capture and sulfur injection,” Earth System Dynamics, v.11, 2020, p. 673. doi:10.5194/esd-11-673-2020

Kravitz, Ben, Alan Robock, and Jón Egill Kristjánsson. “Understanding How Climate Engineering Can Offset Climate Change; Sixth Meeting of the Geoengineering Model Intercomparison Project (GeoMIP); Oslo, Norway, 21?22 June 2016.,” Eos, v.98, 2017, p. 11. doi:10.1029/2016ES005279

Robock, Alan. “Albedo enhancement by stratospheric sulfur injection: More research needed.,” Earth?s Future, v.2, 2016, p. 644. doi:10.1002/2016EF000407

Kravitz, Ben, Alan Robock, and John C. Moore. “New frontiers in geoengineering research,” Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., v.101, 2020, p. E87. doi:10.1175/BAMS-D-19-0327.1

Kravitz, Ben, and Alan Robock. “Vetting new models of climate responses to geoengineering: Seventh Meeting of the Geoengineering Model Intercomparison Project,” Eos, v.99, 2018, p. 14. doi:10.1029/2017EO089383

Robock, Alan. “Benefits and risks of stratospheric solar radiation management for climate intervention (geoengineering),” The Bridge, v.50, 2020, p. 59.

Kravitz, Ben, Alan Robock, and Ulrike Lohman. “Modeling the impacts of geoengineering: Report on the Eighth Annual GeoMIP Meeting, 16-17 April 2018, Zürich, Switzerland,” Eos, v.99, 2018. doi:10.1029/2018EO103333

Kravitz, Ben, Philip J. Rasch, Hailong Wang, Alan Robock, Corey Gabriel, Olivier Boucher, Jason N. S. Cole, Jim Haywood, Duoying Ji, Andy Jones, Andrew Lenton, John C. Moore, Helene Muri, Ulrike Niemeier, Steven Phipps, Hauke Schmidt, Shingo Watanabe, Shu. “The climate effects of increasing ocean albedo: An idealized representation of solar geoengineering,” Atmos. Chem. Phys., v.18, 2018, p. 13097. doi:10.5194/acp-18-13097-2018


Link To Source





2009 Robock et el.: Benefits, Risks, and costs of Geoengineering

“All of the above systems are based on current technology.”


Benefits, Risks, and Costs of Geoengineering_2009GL039209




Solar Radiation Management


How could we use airplanes to loft gas to the stratosphere? Link

– Put S back into the jet fuel. But, except for the Arctic, planes do not routinely fly that high. – Have tanker aircraft carry it to the stratosphere. But they can only get into the stratosphere in the Arctic. – Have fighter planes carry it to the stratosphere. But you would need many more planes. – Have tanker aircraft carry it to the upper troposphere and have fighter jets carry it the rest of the way. – Could you have a tanker tow a glider with a hose to loft the exit nozzle into the stratosphere?






China Funding Research with NOAA:

Improving Assimilation of Radiance Observations by Implementing Model Space Localization in an Ensemble Kalman Filter

  • Published Date:
  • Source:

    Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems, 10(12), 3221-3232.




Thanks to two anonymous reviewers for their constructive suggestions. This work is jointly sponsored by the National Key R&D Program of China through grant 2017YFC1501603, the National Natural Science Foundation of China through grant 41675052, the NOAA High-Impact Weather Prediction Project (HIWPP) under award NA14OAR4830123, and the NOAA/NWS Next-Generation Global Prediction System (NGGPS) project. Craig H. Bishop acknowledges support from the Australian Research Council’s Centres of Excellence Scheme (CE170100023). The data used to generate the simulation experiments were obtained from the National Centers for Environmental Prediction (NCEP; https://www.ncdc. model-datasets/global-forcast-system- gfs).”

Link To Source_Document_NOAA_21706_DS1




California Wildfires: Role of Undisclosed Atmospheric Manipulation and Geoengineering  Link








Weather Warfare, Directed Energy Weapons, Lightning Strikes, (NOT climate change) May Very Well Be The Cause of the Devastating Fires