December 1, 1973 | Report for National Aeronautics and Space Administration ( NASA ) | Washington, D.C. |
Barium and lithium vapors were released from sounding rockets in the thermosphere and observed from aboard the NASA Convair 990 at an altitude of 40,000 ft. The purpose of the releases were to (1) check out observational and operational procedures associated with the large high altitude barium release from a Scout rocket (BIC); (2) develop an all-weather technique for observing chemical releases; (3) evaluate methods of observing daytime releases, and (4) investigate the possibilities of observations from a manned satellite.
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History may be helpful in understanding the present.
Excerpts from NASA History:
One of the pioneers of NASA was Dr. Wernher von Braun, who was a member of the Nazi Party and an SS officer. For fifteen years after World War II, Von Braun worked with the U.S. Army in the development of ballistic missiles. As part of a military operation called Operation Paperclip, he and an initial group of about 125 were sent to America. Dr. von Braun eventually became director of NASA’s Marshall Space Flight Center.
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