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NIAID Contract Obligates Pentagon to Buy 500,000 Doses of Moderna’s COVID Vaccine for $9 Billion

October 26, 2020 | By Robert F. Kennedy, Jr. | Children’s Health Defense |

“Dr. Anthony Fauci and President Trump have promised Americans “complete transparency” in order to bolster flagging trust in the White House’s Operation Warp Speed COVID vaccine program.

Yet here’s a completely redacted contract between Fauci’s agency, the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID), and his leading vaccine candidate Moderna. The contract was just obtained by journalist Emily Kopp, of Congressional Quarterly, through a Freedom of Information Act request to the National Institutes of Health:

What is it that Fauci does not want us to know about the product he developed with $2.5 billion taxpayer dollars?

Fauci is director of NIAID, which owns the critical patents on the Moderna vaccine and will reportedly receive half the royalties. Six of his employees may also receive $150k annual royalties, at our expense, for their work on the vaccine.

Moderna’s former chair, Moncef Slaoui, is Operation Warp Speed director. The slides below show a second Moderna contract that will give you a notion about the potential size of those royalty payments. That contract obligates the Pentagon to buy 500,000,000 doses for $9 billion — presumably two doses for every U.S. citizen.”

 

 

Is anyone else troubled that our government has tasked the military with this enterprise? The government may need soldiers to coerce vaccination once Moderna’s clinical trial results become public.

In Phase 1 of the Moderna trials, virtually all participants experienced unpleasant adverse effects with four volunteers (8.9%) suffering serious Grade 3 reactions meaning that medical intervention was required. Initial results of Phase 3 trials are equally troubling with three participants enduring severe reactions. One of them, Luke Hutchison of Utah, compared his vaccine response — fever, chills, migraines and trouble breathing — as “full on Covid like symptoms.”

Link To Full Article @ Source

Children’s Health Defense 

 


 

 

 

 

MILITARY CONSTRUCTION, VETERANS AFFAIRS, AND RELATED AGENCIES APPROPRIATIONS BILL, 2021

https://www.congress.gov/116/crpt/hrpt445/CRPT-116hrpt445.pdf

 

Link To Full Document_CRPT-116hrpt445

“In addition, the Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security Act (CARES Act) (P.L. 116–136) included $100,000,000 for the Medical Support and Compliance account to prevent, prepare for, and respond to coronavirus, including related impacts on health care delivery.” P.77

https://www.congress.gov/116/crpt/hrpt445/CRPT-116hrpt445.pdf

 

“In addition, the Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security Act (CARES Act) (P.L. 116–136) included $606,000,000 for the Medical Facilities account to prevent, prepare for, and respond to coronavirus, including related impacts on health care delivery.”

p.78

https://www.congress.gov/116/crpt/hrpt445/CRPT-

 

 

“In addition, the Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security Act (CARES Act) (P.L. 116–136) included $6,000,000 for the General Administration account to prevent, prepare for, and respond to coronavirus.”  P.88

https://www.congress.gov/116/crpt/hrpt445/CRPT-

 

 

“In addition, the Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security Act (CARES Act) (P.L. 116–136) included $2,150,000,000 for the Information Technology Systems account to prevent, prepare for, and respond to coronavirus, including related impacts on health care delivery.” P. 92

https://www.congress.gov/116/crpt/hrpt445/CRPT-

 

 

“In addition, the Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security Act (CARES Act) (P.L. 116–136) included $2,800,000 for AFRH to prevent, prepare for, and respond to coronavirus.” P.108

https://www.congress.gov/116/crpt/hrpt445/CRPT-

 

 

https://www.congress.gov/116/crpt/hrpt445/CRPT

 

 

https://www.congress.gov/116/crpt/hrpt445/CRPT-

 

 

Link To Source_MILITARY CONSTRUCTION, VETERANS AFFAIRS, AND RELATED AGENCIES APPROPRIATIONS BILL, 2021_CRPT-116hrpt445-2

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Huge Lawsuits Coming Against COVID Totalitarians and Con-Artists

October 23, 2020 |  | New American |

“Totalitarians and con-artists who hyped and exploited the coronavirus panic to steal freedom and destroy livelihoods are in the crosshairs, facing the wrath of a team of high-profile international lawyers and doctors determined to seek justice. According to the attorneys involved, the coming tsunami of legal action against the COVID-19 tyrants within and outside government represents the biggest set of tort lawsuits in human history. The scientists and medical experts in the coalition contend that governments’ response to the “pandemic” was beyond unjustified. Whether justice can be secured in courts across the United States and even in other nations, though, remains to be seen.

The effort to use the judicial system against the weaponization of the pandemic features a growing global coalition of doctors and scientists, all of whom are speaking out against what they view as a dangerous disinformation campaign to justify tyranny. The alliance, known as the “Corona Extra-Parliamentary Inquiry Committee” (Außerparlamentarischer Corona Untersuchungsausschuss, or ACU, in German), was formally created by four attorneys on July 10. It now includes well over 500 doctors and experts in multiple disciplines. They concluded that the draconian government measures against freedom are all out of proportion to the dangers posed by the Communist Chinese virus.

Dr. Reiner Fuellmich, one of the founders of the ACU, has been practicing law as a consumer-protection trial lawyer in both Germany and California for over a quarter of a century. In an hour-long video announcement, Fuellmich promised that an international class-action lawsuit was being prepared, specifically targeting those responsible for imposing the deadly “lockdown” policies on much of humanity. Just a handful of jurisdictions in the Western world, including Sweden and a number of American states such as South Dakota, refused to go along with the policies — and they are all doing just fine, and in some cases significantly better than jurisdictions that enforced brutal and economically cataclysmic lockdown policies.

Fuellmich also argued that fraudulent testing was being used to create a panic aimed at justifying the tyranny. Indeed, COVID has “not caused any excess mortality anywhere in the world,” he said, noting that studies on the issue showed the mortality rate of the virus to be similar to that of the seasonal flu. Most of the deaths that were attributed to coronavirus in places such as Italy and New York were actually the result of deliberate government decisions to place sick patients with flu, colds, and COVID into nursing homes, he said. The overwhelming majority of the victims were already well over average life expectancy, he added.

By contrast, the government-ordered lockdowns have “caused the loss of innumerable human lives, and have destroyed the economic existence of countless companies and individuals worldwide.” From surging suicide and drug-abuse levels to an unprecedented mental-health crisis, the concrete effects of the lockdown are becoming more and more apparent. Meanwhile, the only way COVID-19 could be classified as a “pandemic” was by having the UN World Health Organization change the definition 12 years ago to exclude the requirement for “widespread” death.

Among his most serious concerns is that because of the “deliberate panic-mongering” by the COVID hysteria peddlers, self-government and democratic rule “is in great danger of being replaced by fascist totalitarian models.” On top of that, children around the world have been “traumatized en masse, with the worst psychological consequences yet to be expected in the medium and long term.” Meanwhile, the economic devastation, including an estimated 500,000 to 800,000 bankruptcies of small and medium businesses in Germany alone, will destroy the backbone of the economy as well as government finances, he warned.

The German attorney behind the effort has a long history of taking on very powerful interests — and winning, big time. For instance, some of his more recent targets include Deutsche Bank, “formerly one of the world’s largest and most respected banks, today one of the most toxic criminal organizations in the world,” he said. Separately, he pointed to Volswagen, the German car giant, which was exposed committing fraud surrounding vehicle emissions. Fuellmich is also taking on some of the world’s largest shipping interests, accusing them in a multi-million-dollar bribery case. But the looming corona crisis cases may be his most important work yet, he suggested.

“All the above-mentioned cases of corruption and fraud committed by the German corporations pale in comparison in view of the extent of the damage that the corona crisis has caused and continues to cause,” Fuellmich explained in the video, which was removed from YouTube after being seen by many hundreds of thousands of viewers amid an accelerating censorship program targeting any dissent regarding COVID and other key issues. “This corona crisis, according to all we know today, must be renamed a corona scandal; and those responsible for it must be criminally prosecuted and sued for civil damages.” German judges are already becoming more skeptical of the tyranny and the suspension of constitutional liberties, he said.

Government cronies who helped feed the panic to enrich themselves will be targeted, too. In particular, manufacturers of the infamous Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) tests are in the crosshairs. According to the inventor of the test, Kary Mullis, who won a Nobel Prize in Chemistry for the invention, using the PCR test, “you can find almost anything, in anybody.” Mullis also made clear that the PCR should never be used as a diagnostic tool to determine whether somebody has a viral infection. Unfortunately, Mullis died just a few months before the COVID-19 pandemic spread across the world. However, the CDC and German authorities have known all of this for years, Fuellmich said, naming names.

“Under the rules of civil tort law, all those who have been harmed by these PCR test-induced lockdowns are entitled to receive full compensation for their losses,” Fuellmich said, calling out the major pharmaceutical companies often blasted as “Big Pharma” by critics. “In particular, there is a duty to compensate, i.e. a duty to pay damages for the loss of profits suffered by companies and self-employed persons as a result of the lockdown and other measures.”

Aside from the legal actions being pursued in court, Fuellmich and other members of the ACU warned that political efforts were needed to ensure that similar abuses and frauds against humanity could not be perpetrated again. In fact, according to Fuellmich and other experts, the seriousness of these crimes classifies them as “crimes against humanity, as defined in Section 7 of the International Criminal Code that has been approved by governments around the world. Despite their ostensible diplomatic immunity, Fuellmich and others fully intend to go after UN officials at the World Health Organization, which is in the pockets of Beijing and was crucial in formulating the totalitarian global response.

 

 

Link To Full Article @ Source

 

 

 


 

 

 

International Class Action Lawsuits Against Corona PCR Test Manufacturers

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COVID19 PCR Tests are Scientifically Meaningless: Though the whole world relies on RT-PCR to “diagnose” Sars-Cov-2 infection, the science is clear: they are not fit for purpose

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Untouched/Unswabbed PCR Test Comes Back Positive

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Surgical masks as source of bacterial contamination during operative procedures

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Categories
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Cuomo Caves, Loosens its lockdown of Jews in Far Rockaway Following Lawsuit by Jewish Schoolgirls

October 21, 2020 | CrownHeights.info | Source

“We are grateful the lockdown order has been loosened and our children can get back to praying and learning together with their classmates,” said Chana Lebovits, mother of two Bais Yaakov students. “The Governor should never have targeted the Jewish community for his lockdown or his statements.”

“It’s unfortunate it took a lawsuit to bring us to this point, but we are grateful the Governor has heard our plea and taken action to loosen the restrictions on Far Rockaway,” said Rabbi Nosson Neuman, menahel of Bais Yakkov. “At the end of the day, this is about the children, and getting our children and those of the entire community back into the classroom in a safe and legal way is the only goal.”

In Lebovits v. Cuomo, with help from Becket and the Jewish Coalition for Religious Liberty, Yitzchok and Chana asked the court to punish Governor Cuomo and Mayor de Blasio for their unscientific and discriminatory targeting of the Orthodox Jewish community that has caused immense suffering and pain for their neighbors and for their children who will never get back the weeks of instruction stripped from them at BYAM. Among other things, the lawsuit emphasized a recording of a conversation Governor Cuomo had with a group of rabbis in which he acknowledged that the policy was not tailored, was cut by a “hatchet,” and was driven by fear.

The Governor’s policy—announced October 6—was set to continue until at least November 5. Yet hours after being ordered to justify his actions in this lawsuit, Governor Cuomo reversed course. He announced today that he is loosening a lockdown order on Jewish communities in Far Rockaway imposed earlier this month after several groups within the targeted lockdown zones took him to court. In early October following rates of COVID cases that Governor Cuomo admitted “would be a safe zone” in many other states, the State imposed new indefinite lockdowns on a select number of zip codes in New York that target the Orthodox Jewish community. The new restrictions completely banned in-person instruction at BYAM and other schools in Jewish neighborhoods in New York City—stripping parents of their right to direct the religious education and upbringing of their children.

“The Governor shouldn’t have needed a lawsuit to tell him that shutting down Jewish schools was wrong. This was the worst kind of unscientific and harmful scapegoating, as the Governor himself knew that schools weren’t a problem,” said Mark Rienzi, president of Becket and counsel to the plaintiffs. “If Governor Cuomo wants respect, he has to give respect. Reopening the schools in Far Rockaway is a start, but elected officials have a lot of work to do to repair the pain and division they have caused.”

Beginning in March, BYAM voluntarily transitioned to remote learning to protect its neighbors and in compliance with the law. In the months that followed, the school spent thousands of dollars equipping teachers with the resources they needed to effectively teach over Zoom. Nevertheless, remote learning proved to be a poor substitute for in-person instruction. Students have suffered academically. Teachers have reported alarming regression in reading skills, had to reteach prayers, and are requesting last year’s math textbooks. Since reopening, BYAM has followed rigorous health and safety protocol, including masking, social distancing, and daily temperature checks—the result of which has been zero COVID cases in the school.

Since its founding in 2012 BYAM has worked to instill the value and tradition of Orthodox Judaism in the next generation of women. Religious education is a centuries-old tradition that is indispensable to practicing the Jewish faith and passing it on to the next generation. Communal prayer, participating in bible studies and engaging in group projects designed to instill ethical values are all just some of the vital activities BYAM provides for its girls. The selective lockdown has cost the girls weeks of instruction they won’t be able to get back.”

 

Link To Full Article @ Source

 

 

 


 

 

 

 

Catholic priests, Orthodox Jews sue Cuomo, de Blasio over reopening plan: ‘Blatant double-standard’

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Judge slaps down Gov. Cuomo church restrictions

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Plaintiffs vs Gov. Cuomo: Agudath Israel Files Suit Against Shul Restrictions in New York State

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Bombshell Lawsuit Sheds Light On Governor Cuomo’s Anti-Semitic Coronavirus Order

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New York: More Coronavirus Lawsuits Have Been Filed Against Andrew Cuomo Than Any Other U.S. Governor, Complaint Tracker Shows

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New York: Massive ‘F–k Cuomo and de Blasio’ mural painted on Brooklyn street

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State Governors Betraying Americans? Collaborating with Rockefeller Foundation’s National COVID-19 Testing & Tracing Action Plan

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Gov. Cuomo and the Gates Foundation; New York: Parent Groups Denounce Cuomo Outreach to Gates; Bill Gates and Eugenics

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New York: DIOCESE SUES CUOMO FOR COVID-19 RESTRICTIONS REDUCING CHURCH CAPACITY

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2013: Public Employees Federation (PEF) Lawsuit challenge to Cuomo, New York Department of Health (DOH) vaccine-or-face-mask requirement

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Categories
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Surgical masks as source of bacterial contamination during operative procedures

June 27, 2018 | ScienceDirect  |  Source |

“This study provides strong evidence for the identification that [Surgical Masks] SMs as source of bacterial contamination during operative procedures, which should be a cause for alarm and attention in the prevention of surgical site infection in clinical practice.”

Authors: LiuZhiqingChangYongyunChuWenxiangYanMengningMaoYuanqingZhuZhenanWuHaishanZhaoJieDaiKerongLiHuiwuLiuFengxiangZhaiZanjing |

“Abstract

Background

Surgical masks (SMs) are used to reduce bacterial shedding from the mouth, nose and face. This study aimed to investigate whether SMs may be a potential source of bacterial shedding leading to an increased risk of surgical site infection.

Methods

Bacterial contamination of the SMs was tested by making an impression of the external surface of the mask on sterile culture media immediately. We investigated the difference in bacterial counts between the SMs worn by surgeons and those placed unused in the operating room (OR), and the bacterial count variation with indicated wearing time. Moreover, the difference in bacterial counts on the external surface between the first and second layers of double-layered SMs was also assessed.

Results

The bacterial count on the surface of SMs increased with extended operating times; significant difference was found between the 4- to 6-hour and 0-hour groups (p < 0.05). When we analysed the bacterial counts from the same surgeon, a significant increase was noted in the 2-hours group. Moreover, the bacterial counts were significantly higher among the surgeons than the OR. Additionally, the bacterial count of the external surface of the second mask was significantly higher than that of the first one.

Conclusions

The source of bacterial contamination in SMs was the body surface of the surgeons rather than the OR environment. Moreover, we recommend that surgeons should change the mask after each operation, especially those beyond 2 hours. Double-layered SMs or those with excellent filtration function may also be a better alternative.

 

This study provides strong evidence for the identification that SMs as source of bacterial contamination during operative procedures, which should be a cause for alarm and attention in the prevention of surgical site infection in clinical practice.”

 

Link To Full Article @ Source_Original article Surgical masks as source of bacterial contamination during operative procedures

 

 


 

 

1981: Surgeon’s medical mask study concludes, “minimum contamination can best be achieved by not wearing a mask at all”

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“Respiratory pathogens on the outer surface of the used medical masks may result in self-contamination.”; Over 40 Scientific Peer Reviewed Articles related to hazards and ineffectiveness of wearing face masks

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Why Face Masks Don’t Work: A Revealing Review

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COVID19 PCR Tests are Scientifically Meaningless: Though the whole world relies on RT-PCR to “diagnose” Sars-Cov-2 infection, the science is clear: they are not fit for purpose

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Re: PCR Tests — “Contrary to official assurances, they are completely unsuitable for detecting an infection.”

“Dr. Reiner Fuellmich is a licensed lawyer in Germany and the USA. He studied law in Göttingen and Los Angeles. Among other activities he has published on banking law, medical law and international law and has been a professor and lecturer at universities in Germany and Estonia.”

Link To Video

 

 

“Not a single PCR test can detect infection. It is impossible.” Crimes Against Humanity – Corona Damage Class Action Lawsuit

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October 3, 2020 | Dr. Reiner Fuellmich | Transcript

Link To Video:  https://www.bitchute.com/video/lWSuvM5MjV2r/

“Dr. Reiner Fuellmich is a licensed lawyer in Germany and the USA. He studied law in Göttingen and Los Angeles. Among other activities he has published on banking law, medical law and international law and has been a professor and lecturer at universities in Germany and Estonia.”    Link To Video

 

Link To Transcript

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https://www.thelibertybeacon.com/how-to-become-part-of-dr-reiner-fuellmichs-class-action-suit/

Link To Source

 

How To Become Part of Dr. Reiner Fuellmich’s Class Action Suit

“On his site, you’ll see this German announcement: Wir beraten und unterstutzen aktiv die Aktivitaten zu der Corona Schadensersatzklage. Which translates as: We actively advise and support the activities regarding the Corona claim for damages. Below which is a green message (Zur Corona Schadensersatzklage Seite – To the Corona Claim for Damages page) which takes you to this site. Or it is here:  https://www.corona-schadensersatzklage.de/.  Which translates as ‘Corona action for damages’.

They replied that they themselves are only representing German clients, but plan to publish names of lawyers and law firms internationally who will be taking part in legal action for redress against the corona measures. We will be staying tuned to this and publishing updates as they come out.

If you don’t have German (and neither do we), the translation site DeepL isn’t bad for giving decent translations in a variety of languages. We recommend it over Google.”   Link

His Youtube channel is https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCJB8ANhWVhgQf9Rw-KJo26Q 

 

 

 


 

 

 

 

Categories
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Patents by Inventors Peter Rothschild and Richard Rothschild

Many of the following inventions by Peter Rothschild are relevant to the big tech industry, with an emphasis on wireless infrastructure, devices, and other components of our modern age that involve the transmission of electromagnetic pollution; RadioFrequency Microwave Radiation (RF/MWR).

Richard A. Rothschild is another patent holder with inventions related to biometrics and  Covid-19 testing.

This technology requires strict regulatory control, transparency,  and oversight for national security, to ensure essential liberty, preservation of the environment, and protection of the public safety by prohibiting hazardous emissions.

Let’s continue to work together and do everything we can to help one another understand and overcome this great challenge, and to above all, Protect Life on Earth.

 

 

 


 

 

Link to Justia Patents By Inventor Peter Rothschild

“Peter Rothschild has filed for patents to protect the following inventions. This listing includes patent applications that are pending as well as patents that have already been granted by the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO).”

 

 

Link To Justia Patents Richard A Rothschild


 

 

 

  • Publication number: 20190383953
    Abstract: Methods for discriminating among x-ray beams of distinct energy content. A first volume of scintillation medium converts energy of incident penetrating radiation into scintillation light which is extracted from a scintillation light extraction region by a plurality of optical waveguides that convert the scintillation light to light of a longer wavelength. An x-ray beam initially incident upon the first volume of scintillation medium and traversing the first volume is then incident on a second volume of scintillation medium. The first and second scintillation media may be separated by an absorber or one or more further volumes of scintillation medium, and may also have differential spectral sensitivities. Scintillation light from the first and second scintillation volumes is detected in respective detectors and processed to yield a measure of respective low energy and high-energy components of the incident x-ray beam.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 8, 2019
    Publication date: December 19, 2019
    Inventors: Anatoli Arodzero, Joseph Callerame, Dan-Cristian Dinca, Rajen Sud, Lee Grodzins, Martin Rommel, Peter Rothschild, Jeffrey Schubert, Aaron Couture, Jeffrey M. Denker, Jonathan Edward Everett

 

 

  • Patent number: 10209372
    Abstract: Methods for discriminating among x-ray beams of distinct energy content. A first volume of scintillation medium converts energy of incident penetrating radiation into scintillation light which is extracted from a scintillation light extraction region by a plurality of optical waveguides that convert the scintillation light to light of a longer wavelength. An x-ray beam initially incident upon the first volume of scintillation medium and traversing the first volume is then incident on a second volume of scintillation medium. The first and second scintillation media may be separated by an absorber or one or more further volumes of scintillation medium, and may also have differential spectral sensitivities. Scintillation light from the first and second scintillation volumes is detected in respective detectors and processed to yield a measure of respective low energy and high-energy components of the incident x-ray beam.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 18, 2017
    Date of Patent: February 19, 2019
    Assignee: American Science and Engineering, Inc.
    Inventors: Anatoli Arodzero, Joseph Callerame, Dan-Cristian Dinca, Rajen Sud, Lee Grodzins, Martin Rommel, Peter Rothschild, Jeffrey Schubert, Aaron Couture, Jeffrey M. Denker, Jonathan Edward Everett

 

  • Patent number: 10140481
    Abstract: These and other objects of the present invention are achieved in a card reader with a read head positioned in a housing. The read head is configured to be coupled to a mobile device and has a slot for swiping a magnetic stripe of a card. The read head reads data on the magnetic stripe and produces a raw magnetic signal indicative of data stored on the magnetic stripe. A power supply is coupled to wake-up electronics and a microcontroller. An output jack is adapted to be inserted in a port of the mobile device and deliver an output jack signal to the mobile device.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 30, 2016
    Date of Patent: November 27, 2018
    Assignee: SQUARE, INC.
    Inventors: Kartik Lamba, Amish Babu, Adam David Peter Rothschild, Jack Dorsey, James M. McKelvey

 

  • Patent number: 10007813
    Abstract: A method of transmitting information to a mobile device includes providing a card reader is provided with a read head, a slot for swiping a magnetic stripe of a card and device electronics that includes an analog front-end and a microcontroller. The analog to digital front end is coupled to a processing element in the microcontroller. A raw magnetic head signal is received at the analog to digital front end. The raw magnetic head signal is converted into a processed digital signal that the microcontroller can interpret. An output jack output jack signal is delivered to the mobile device.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 10, 2016
    Date of Patent: June 26, 2018
    Assignee: SQUARE, INC.
    Inventors: Amish Babu, Kartik Lamba, Elliot John Patrick Sather, Adam David Peter Rothschild, Jack Dorsey, James M. McKelvey

 

  • Patent number: 9858603
    Abstract: A card reader is provided with a read head with a slot and is configured to be coupled to a mobile device and has a slot for swiping a magnetic stripe of a card. The read head reads data on the magnetic stripe and produces a raw magnetic signal indicative of data stored on the magnetic stripe. A power supply is coupled to wake-up electronics and a microcontroller. An output jack is adapted to be inserted in a port of the mobile device and deliver an output jack signal to the mobile device. The wake-up electronics is powered by a microphone bias of a mobile device.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 2, 2016
    Date of Patent: January 2, 2018
    Assignee: Square, Inc.
    Inventors: Kartik Lamba, Amish Babu, Michael Shyh-yen Ho, Adam David Peter Rothschild, Gerald Thomas Ryle, Jack Dorsey, James M. McKelvey

 

  • Publication number: 20170315242
    Abstract: Methods for discriminating among x-ray beams of distinct energy content. A first volume of scintillation medium converts energy of incident penetrating radiation into scintillation light which is extracted from a scintillation light extraction region by a plurality of optical waveguides that convert the scintillation light to light of a longer wavelength. An x-ray beam initially incident upon the first volume of scintillation medium and traversing the first volume is then incident on a second volume of scintillation medium. The first and second scintillation media may be separated by an absorber or one or more further volumes of scintillation medium, and may also have differential spectral sensitivities. Scintillation light from the first and second scintillation volumes is detected in respective detectors and processed to yield a measure of respective low energy and high-energy components of the incident x-ray beam.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 18, 2017
    Publication date: November 2, 2017
    Inventors: Anatoli Arodzero, Joseph Callerame, Dan-Christian Dinca, Rajen Sud, Lee Grodzins, Martin Rommel, Peter Rothschild, Jeffrey Schubert

 

  • Patent number: 9658343
    Abstract: Methods for discriminating among x-ray beams of distinct energy content. A first volume of scintillation medium converts energy of incident penetrating radiation into scintillation light which is extracted from a scintillation light extraction region by a plurality of optical waveguides that convert the scintillation light to light of a longer wavelength. An x-ray beam initially incident upon the first volume of scintillation medium and traversing the first volume is then incident on a second volume of scintillation medium. The first and second scintillation media may be separated by an absorber or one or more further volumes of scintillation medium, and may also have differential spectral sensitivities. Scintillation light from the first and second scintillation volumes is detected in respective detectors and processed to yield a measure of respective low energy and high-energy components of the incident x-ray beam.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 23, 2016
    Date of Patent: May 23, 2017
    Assignee: American Science and Engineering, Inc.
    Inventors: Anatoli Arodzero, Joseph Callerame, Dan-Christian Dinca, Rajen Sud, Lee Grodzins, Martin Rommel, Peter Rothschild, Jeffrey Schubert

 

  • Patent number: 9595033
    Abstract: A method is provided of transmitting information with a communication protocol to a mobile device. A card reader is provided with a read head that has a slot for swiping a magnetic stripe of a card, an output jack and device electronics that includes a microcontroller. The read head is used to read data on a magnetic stripe of a card. A raw magnetic signal is produced indicative of data stored on the magnetic stripe. The raw magnetic head signal is converted into a processed digital signal that the microcontroller can interpret. A synchronous Manchester encoded stream is produced that makes a greater number of 0 crossings. A Manchester encoded stream output jack signal is delivered to the mobile device through the output jack.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 2, 2016
    Date of Patent: March 14, 2017
    Assignee: Square, Inc.
    Inventors: Kartik Lamba, Amish Babu, Michael Shyh-yen Ho, Adam David Peter Rothschild, Gerald Thomas Ryle, Jack Dorsey, James M. McKelvey

 

  • Publication number: 20160371513
    Abstract: These and other objects of the present invention are achieved in a card reader with a read head positioned in a housing. The read head is configured to be coupled to a mobile device and has a slot for swiping a magnetic stripe of a card. The read head reads data on the magnetic stripe and produces a raw magnetic signal indicative of data stored on the magnetic stripe. A power supply is coupled to wake-up electronics and a microcontroller. An output jack is adapted to be inserted in a port of the mobile device and deliver an output jack signal to the mobile device.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 30, 2016
    Publication date: December 22, 2016
    Inventors: Kartik Lamba, Amish Babu, Adam David Peter Rothschild, Jack Dorsey, James M. McKelvey

 

  • Patent number: 9495676
    Abstract: A method of transmitting information to a mobile device includes providing a read head with a slot for swiping a magnetic stripe of a card, a power supply coupled to wake-up electronics and a microcontroller. The wake-up electronics are powered by a microphone bias of a mobile device.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 17, 2011
    Date of Patent: November 15, 2016
    Assignee: Square, Inc.
    Inventors: Kartik Lamba, Amish Babu, Adam David Peter Rothschild, Michael Shyh-yen Ho, Gerald Thomas Ryle, Jack Dorsey, James M. McKelvey

 

  • Patent number: 9466456
    Abstract: An x-ray tube for generating a sweeping x-ray beam. A cathode is disposed within a vacuum enclosure and emits a beam of electrons attracted toward a rotating anode. The rotating anode is adapted for rotation with respect to the vacuum enclosure about an axis of rotation. At least one collimator opening or aperture corotates with the rotating anode within the vacuum enclosure, such that a swept x-ray beam is emitted.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 29, 2015
    Date of Patent: October 11, 2016
    Assignee: American Science and Engineering, Inc.
    Inventors: Martin Rommel, Peter Rothschild

 

  • Patent number: 9449203
    Abstract: These and other objects of the present invention are achieved in a card reader with a read head positioned in a housing. The read head is configured to be coupled to a mobile device and has a slot for swiping a magnetic stripe of a card. The read head reads data on the magnetic stripe and produces a raw magnetic signal indicative of data stored on the magnetic stripe. A power supply is coupled to wake-up electronics and a microcontroller. An output jack is adapted to be inserted in a port of the mobile device and deliver an output jack signal to the mobile device.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 16, 2015
    Date of Patent: September 20, 2016
    Assignee: Square, Inc.
    Inventors: Kartik Lamba, Amish Babu, Adam David Peter Rothschild, Jack Dorsey, James M. McKelvey

 

  • Publication number: 20160203466
    Abstract: A method is provided of transmitting information with a communication protocol to a mobile device. A card reader is provided with a read head that has a slot for swiping a magnetic stripe of a card, an output jack and device electronics that includes a microcontroller. The read head is used to read data on a magnetic stripe of a card. A raw magnetic signal is produced indicative of data stored on the magnetic stripe. The raw magnetic head signal is converted into a processed digital signal that the microcontroller can interpret. A synchronous Manchester encoded stream is produced that makes a greater number of 0 crossings. A Manchester encoded stream output jack signal is delivered to the mobile device through the output jack.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 2, 2016
    Publication date: July 14, 2016
    Inventors: Kartik Lamba, Amish Babu, Michael Shyh-yen Ho, Adam David Peter Rothschild, Gerald Thomas Ryle, Jack Dorsey, James M. McKelvey

 

  • Publication number: 20160203667
    Abstract: A card reader is provided with a read head with a slot and is configured to be coupled to a mobile device and has a slot for swiping a magnetic stripe of a card. The read head reads data on the magnetic stripe and produces a raw magnetic signal indicative of data stored on the magnetic stripe. A power supply is coupled to wake-up electronics and a microcontroller. An output jack is adapted to be inserted in a port of the mobile device and deliver an output jack signal to the mobile device. The wake-up electronics is powered by a microphone bias of a mobile device.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 2, 2016
    Publication date: July 14, 2016
    Inventors: Kartik Lamba, Amish Babu, Michael Shyh-yen Ho, Adam David Peter Rothschild, Gerald Thomas Ryle, Jack Dorsey, James M. McKelvey

 

  • Publication number: 20160188915
    Abstract: A method of transmitting information to a mobile device includes providing a card reader is provided with a read head, a slot for swiping a magnetic stripe of a card and device electronics that includes an analog front-end and a microcontroller. The analog to digital front end is coupled to a processing element in the microcontroller. A raw magnetic head signal is received at the analog to digital front end. The raw magnetic head signal is converted into a processed digital signal that the microcontroller can interpret. An output jack output jack signal is delivered to the mobile device.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 10, 2016
    Publication date: June 30, 2016
    Inventors: Amish Babu, Kartik Lamba, Elliot John Patrick Sather, Adam David Peter Rothschild, Jack Dorsey, James M. McKelvey

 

  • Publication number: 20160170044
    Abstract: Methods for discriminating among x-ray beams of distinct energy content. A first volume of scintillation medium converts energy of incident penetrating radiation into scintillation light which is extracted from a scintillation light extraction region by a plurality of optical waveguides that convert the scintillation light to light of a longer wavelength. An x-ray beam initially incident upon the first volume of scintillation medium and traversing the first volume is then incident on a second volume of scintillation medium. The first and second scintillation media may be separated by an absorber or one or more further volumes of scintillation medium, and may also have differential spectral sensitivities. Scintillation light from the first and second scintillation volumes is detected in respective detectors and processed to yield a measure of respective low energy and high-energy components of the incident x-ray beam.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 23, 2016
    Publication date: June 16, 2016
    Inventors: Anatoli Arodzero, Joseph Callerame, Dan-Christian Dinca, Rajen Sud, Lee Grodzins, Martin Rommel, Peter Rothschild, Jeffrey Schubert

 

  • Patent number: 9305314
    Abstract: A method of transmitting information to a mobile device includes providing a card reader is provided with a read head, a slot for swiping a magnetic stripe of a card and device electronics that includes an analog front-end and a microcontroller. The analog to digital front end is coupled to a processing element in the microcontroller. A raw magnetic head signal is received at the analog to digital front end. The raw magnetic head signal is converted into a processed digital signal that the microcontroller can interpret. An output jack output jack signal is delivered to the mobile device.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 17, 2011
    Date of Patent: April 5, 2016
    Assignee: Square, Inc.
    Inventors: Amish Babu, Kartik Lamba, Elliot John Patrick Sather, Adam David Peter Rothschild, Jack Dorsey, James M. McKelvey

 

  • Patent number: 9286635
    Abstract: A method is provided of transmitting information with a communication protocol to a mobile device. A card reader is provided with a read head that has a slot for swiping a magnetic stripe of a card, an output jack and device electronics that includes a microcontroller. The read head is used to read data on a magnetic stripe of a card. A raw magnetic signal is produced indicative of data stored on the magnetic stripe. The raw magnetic head signal is converted into a processed digital signal that the microcontroller can interpret. A synchronous Manchester encoded stream is produced that makes a greater number of 0 crossings. A Manchester encoded stream output jack signal is delivered to the mobile device through the output jack.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 17, 2011
    Date of Patent: March 15, 2016
    Assignee: Square, Inc.
    Inventors: Kartik Lamba, Amish Babu, Michael Shyh-yen Ho, Adam David Peter Rothschild, Gerald Thomas Ryle, Jack Dorsey, James M. McKelvey

 

  • Patent number: 9285488
    Abstract: A detector and methods for inspecting material on the basis of scintillator coupled by wavelength-shifting optical fiber to one or more photo-detectors, with a temporal integration of the photo-detector signal. An unpixelated volume of scintillation medium converts energy of incident penetrating radiation into scintillation light which is extracted from a scintillation light extraction region by a plurality of optical waveguides. This geometry provides for efficient and compact detectors, enabling hitherto unattainable geometries for backscatter detection and for energy discrimination of incident radiation. Additional energy-resolving transmission configurations are enabled as are skew- and misalignment compensation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 4, 2013
    Date of Patent: March 15, 2016
    Assignee: American Science and Engineering, Inc.
    Inventors: Anatoli Arodzero, Joseph Callerame, Dan-Cristian Dinca, Rajen Sud, Lee Grodzins, Martin Rommel, Peter Rothschild, Jeffrey Schubert

 

  • Publication number: 20160070940
    Abstract: These and other objects of the present invention are achieved in a card reader with a read head positioned in a housing. The read head is configured to be coupled to a mobile device and has a slot for swiping a magnetic stripe of a card. The read head reads data on the magnetic stripe and produces a raw magnetic signal indicative of data stored on the magnetic stripe. A power supply is coupled to wake-up electronics and a microcontroller. An output jack is adapted to be inserted in a port of the mobile device and deliver an output jack signal to the mobile device.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 16, 2015
    Publication date: March 10, 2016
    Inventors: Kartik Lamba, Amish Babu, Adam David Peter Rothschild, Jack Dorsey, James M. McKelvey

 

  • Patent number: 9262777
    Abstract: A card reader is provided with a read head with a slot and is configured to be coupled to a mobile device and has a slot for swiping a magnetic stripe of a card. The read head reads data on the magnetic stripe and produces a raw magnetic signal indicative of data stored on the magnetic stripe. A power supply is coupled to wake-up electronics and a microcontroller. An output jack is adapted to be inserted in a port of the mobile device and deliver an output jack signal to the mobile device. The wake-up electronics is powered by a microphone bias of a mobile device.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 17, 2011
    Date of Patent: February 16, 2016
    Assignee: Square, Inc.
    Inventors: Kartik Lamba, Amish Babu, Michael Shyh-yen Ho, Adam David Peter Rothschild, Gerald Thomas Ryle, Jack Dorsey, James M. McKelvey

 

  • Patent number: 9224142
    Abstract: These and other objects of the present invention are achieved in a card reader with a read head positioned in a housing. The read head is configured to be coupled to a mobile device and has a slot for swiping a magnetic stripe of a card. The read head reads data on the magnetic stripe and produces a raw magnetic signal indicative of data stored on the magnetic stripe. A power supply is coupled to wake-up electronics and a microcontroller. An output jack is adapted to be inserted in a port of the mobile device and deliver an output jack signal to the mobile device.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 17, 2011
    Date of Patent: December 29, 2015
    Assignee: Square, Inc.
    Inventors: Kartik Lamba, Amish Babu, Adam David Peter Rothschild, Jack Dorsey, James M. McKelvey

 

  • Publication number: 20150303023
    Abstract: An x-ray tube for generating a sweeping x-ray beam. A cathode is disposed within a vacuum enclosure and emits a beam of electrons attracted toward an anode. The anode is adapted for rotation with respect to the vacuum enclosure about an axis of rotation. At least one collimator opening corotates with the anode within the vacuum enclosure, such that a swept x-ray beam is emitted.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 29, 2015
    Publication date: October 22, 2015
    Inventors: Martin Rommel, Peter Rothschild

 

  • Patent number: 9099279
    Abstract: An x-ray tube for generating a sweeping x-ray beam. A cathode is disposed within a vacuum enclosure and emits a beam of electrons attracted toward an anode. The anode is adapted for rotation with respect to the vacuum enclosure about an axis of rotation. At least one collimator opening corotates with the anode within the vacuum enclosure, such that a swept x-ray beam is emitted.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 24, 2013
    Date of Patent: August 4, 2015
    Assignee: American Science and Engineering, Inc.
    Inventors: Martin Rommel, Peter Rothschild

 

  • Patent number: 8690427
    Abstract: Methods for inspecting contents of a container. High-energy penetrating radiation collimated into a fan beam illuminates an inspected container from one side, while a plurality of detector plates are disposed on the opposite side of the container. Each detector plate has a plurality of detector modules, each of which, in turn, is disposed on a remotely activated alignment and has multiple detector elements. A controller governs the orientation of each of the plurality of detector plates based at least on the detector signal generated by its detector elements such that each detector element of each detector module of each detector plate may be aligned to within a specified fraction of the transverse dimension of the fan beam as measured at the exit slot.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 18, 2013
    Date of Patent: April 8, 2014
    Assignee: American Science and Engineering, Inc.
    Inventors: Richard Mastronardi, Jeffrey M. Denker, Peter Rothschild, Dan-Cristian Dinca, Aaron D. Pailes, David R. Blake, Domenic Martignetti

 

  • Publication number: 20130287176
    Abstract: An x-ray tube for generating a sweeping x-ray beam. A cathode is disposed within a vacuum enclosure and emits a beam of electrons attracted toward an anode. The anode is adapted for rotation with respect to the vacuum enclosure about an axis of rotation. At least one collimator opening corotates with the anode within the vacuum enclosure, such that a swept x-ray beam is emitted.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 24, 2013
    Publication date: October 31, 2013
    Applicant: American Science and Engineering, Inc
    Inventors: Martin Rommel, Peter Rothschild

 

  • Publication number: 20130235977
    Abstract: An apparatus for generating a scanned beam of penetrating electromagnetic radiation. An electron beam is incident on a succession of specific locations on a concave anode which emits electromagnetic waves in response thereto, in such a way that electromagnetic waves exiting from an aperture scan over a range of angles within a scan plane in response to angular scanning of the electron beam. The x-ray beam is extracted from the apparatus via one or more exit apertures in the back hemisphere, on the side of the anode onto which the electron beam impinges.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 15, 2013
    Publication date: September 12, 2013
    Applicant: American Science and Engineering, Inc.
    Inventors: Lee Grodzins, Peter Rothschild

 

  • Publication number: 20130230140
    Abstract: Methods for inspecting contents of a container. High-energy penetrating radiation collimated into a fan beam illuminates an inspected container from one side, while a plurality of detector plates are disposed on the opposite side of the container. Each detector plate has a plurality of detector modules, each of which, in turn, is disposed on a remotely activated alignment and has multiple detector elements. A controller governs the orientation of each of the plurality of detector plates based at least on the detector signal generated by its detector elements such that each detector element of each detector module of each detector plate may be aligned to within a specified fraction of the transverse dimension of the fan beam as measured at the exit slot.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 18, 2013
    Publication date: September 5, 2013
    Applicant: American Science and Engineering, Inc.
    Inventors: Richard Mastronardi, Jeffrey M. Denker, Peter Rothschild, Dan-Cristian Dinca, Aaron D. Pailes, David R. Blake, Domenic Martignetti

 

  • Patent number: 8442186
    Abstract: A system and methods for characterizing regions within, or on, an inspected object, wherein a lower-Z scattering material and a higher-Z material may both lie along a common line of sight. The inspected object is scanned with penetrating radiation characterized by an energy distribution, and penetrating radiation scattered by the inspected object is detected in a manner that generates two detector signals that distinguish between materials of higher and lower effective atomic number under distinct sets of conditions with respect to the energy distribution of the penetrating radiation. An image is generated, based on a function of the two detector signals, as is a differential image, so as to allow distinction of higher-Z and lower-Z materials.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 8, 2012
    Date of Patent: May 14, 2013
    Assignee: American Science and Engineering, Inc.
    Inventors: Peter Rothschild, Ming Zhang

 

  • Patent number: 8439565
    Abstract: A scanning system and methods for inspecting contents of a container. High-energy penetrating radiation collimated into a fan beam illuminates an inspected container from one side, while a plurality of detector plates are disposed on the opposite side of the container. Each detector plate has a plurality of detector modules, each of which, in turn, is disposed on a remotely activated alignment and has multiple detector elements. A controller governs the orientation of each of the plurality of detector plates based at least on the detector signal generated by its detector elements such that each detector element of each detector module of each detector plate may be aligned to within a specified fraction of the transverse dimension of the fan beam as measured at the exit slot.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 19, 2011
    Date of Patent: May 14, 2013
    Assignee: American Science and Engineering, Inc.
    Inventors: Richard Mastronardi, Jeffrey M. Denker, Peter Rothschild, Dan-Cristian Dinca, Aaron D. Pailes, David R. Blake, Domenic Martignetti

 

  • Publication number: 20130085806
    Abstract: A methodology is disclosed that can be used in online surveys, or to an audience gathered in a physical location, in which they can see the images of products shown on a computer monitor, a projection screen or hand-held device, or see and feel the actual products. In an exemplary embodiment, the method includes the steps of: pre-screening said assortment by a respondent to produce a pre-screened assortment; performing a max-diff exercise for the pre-screened assortment to create a set of ranked results; creating an intermediate sub-assortment (ISA) based on ranked results of the max-diff exercise; performing either a chip allocation or choice rank exercise on the ISA based on results of the max-diff exercise; and combining results of the chip allocation or choice rank exercise with results by additional respondents.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 29, 2011
    Publication date: April 4, 2013
    Inventor: Peter Rothschild

 

  • Patent number: 8325871
    Abstract: Systems and methods for detecting clandestine fissile or radioactive material on the basis of emitted radiation and particles (such as neutrons and alpha particles) arising from within the material. Emission by the fissile or radioactive material is detected in conjunction with a conventional x-ray imaging system that includes an external source of illuminating penetrating radiation, at least one detector configured to detect at least the penetrating radiation and to generate a detector signal, and a processor configured as a detector signal discriminator to generate an output indicating whether the detector signal is triggered by an origin other than illuminating penetrating radiation. Active and passive modes of detection are described by some embodiments. Other embodiments are directed toward neutron detection, gamma ray detection with energy resolution, and designs of detectors to enhance the detection of clandestine nuclear material.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 26, 2008
    Date of Patent: December 4, 2012
    Assignee: American Science and Engineering, Inc.
    Inventors: Lee Grodzins, Peter Rothschild, William L. Adams

 

  • Publication number: 20120201356
    Abstract: A system and methods for characterizing regions within, or on, an inspected object, wherein a lower-Z scattering material and a higher-Z material may both lie along a common line of sight. The inspected object is scanned with penetrating radiation characterized by an energy distribution, and penetrating radiation scattered by the inspected object is detected in a manner that generates two detector signals that distinguish between materials of higher and lower effective atomic number under distinct sets of conditions with respect to the energy distribution of the penetrating radiation. An image is generated, based on a function of the two detector signals, as is a differential image, so as to allow distinction of higher-Z and lower-Z materials.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 8, 2012
    Publication date: August 9, 2012
    Applicant: AMERICAN SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING, INC.
    Inventors: Peter Rothschild, Ming Zhang

 

  • Patent number: 8194822
    Abstract: Systems and methods for inspecting an object with a scanned beam of penetrating radiation. Scattered radiation from the beam is detected, in either a backward or forward direction. Characteristic values of the scattered radiation are compared to expected reference values to characterize the object. Additionally, penetrating radiation transmitted through the inspected object may be combined with scatter information. In certain embodiments, the inspected field of view is less than 0.1 steradians, and the detector is separate from the source of penetrating radiation and is disposed, with respect to the object, such as to subtend greater than 0.5 steradians in the field of view of the object.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 28, 2010
    Date of Patent: June 5, 2012
    Assignee: American Science and Engineering, Inc.
    Inventors: Peter Rothschild, Jeffrey Schubert, Richard Schueller

 

  • Publication number: 20120132712
    Abstract: A card reader is provided with a read head with a slot and is configured to be coupled to a mobile device and has a slot for swiping a magnetic stripe of a card. The read head reads data on the magnetic stripe and produces a raw magnetic signal indicative of data stored on the magnetic stripe. A power supply is coupled to wake-up electronics and a microcontroller. An output jack is adapted to be inserted in a port of the mobile device and deliver an output jack signal to the mobile device. The wake-up electronics is powered by a microphone bias of a mobile device.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 17, 2011
    Publication date: May 31, 2012
    Inventors: Amish Babu, Kartik Lamba, Elliot John Patrick Sather, Adam David Peter Rothschild, Jack Dorsey, James M. McKelvey

 

  • Publication number: 20120126012
    Abstract: A method of transmitting information to a mobile device includes providing a read head with a slot for swiping a magnetic stripe of a card, a power supply coupled to wake-up electronics and a microcontroller. The wake-up electronics are powered by a microphone bias of a mobile device.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 17, 2011
    Publication date: May 24, 2012
    Inventors: Kartik Lamba, Amish Babu, Adam David Peter Rothschild, Michael Shyh-yen Ho, Gerald Thomas Ryle, Jack Dorsey, James M. McKelvey

 

  • Publication number: 20120126010
    Abstract: A has a read head configured to be coupled to a mobile device. The read head has a slot for swiping a magnetic stripe of a card. The read head reads data on the magnetic stripe and produces a raw magnetic signal indicative of data stored on the magnetic stripe. Device electronics are provided with an analog front-end and a microcontroller. The analog to digital front end is coupled to a processing element in the microcontroller. The analog to digital front end receives a raw magnetic head signal and converts it into a processed digital signal that the microcontroller can interpret. The microcontroller produces a signal. An output jack is adapted to be inserted in a port of the mobile device and deliver an output jack signal to the mobile device.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 17, 2011
    Publication date: May 24, 2012
    Inventors: Amish Babu, Kartik Lamba, Elliot John Patrick Sather, Adam David Peter Rothschild, Jack Dorsey, James M. McKelvey

 

  • Publication number: 20120126007
    Abstract: A card reader has a read head positioned in the housing. The read head is configured to be coupled to a mobile device. The read head has a slot for swiping a magnetic stripe of a card. The read head reads data on the magnetic stripe and produces a raw magnetic signal indicative of data stored on the magnetic stripe. Device electronics are provided that include a microcontroller. The device electronics receives a raw magnetic head signal and converts it into a processed digital signal that the microcontroller can interpret. The microcontroller produces a synchronous Manchester encoded stream that makes a greater number of 0 crossings. An output jack is adapted to be inserted in a port of the mobile device and deliver a Manchester encoded stream output jack signal to the mobile device.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 17, 2011
    Publication date: May 24, 2012
    Inventors: Kartik Lamba, Amish Babu, Michael Shyh-yen Ho, Adam David Peter Rothschild, Gerlad Thomas Ryle, Jack Dorsey, James M. Mckelvey

 

  • Publication number: 20120126011
    Abstract: These and other objects of the present invention are achieved in a card reader with a read head positioned in a housing. The read head is configured to be coupled to a mobile device and has a slot for swiping a magnetic stripe of a card. The read head reads data on the magnetic stripe and produces a raw magnetic signal indicative of data stored on the magnetic stripe. A power supply is coupled to wake-up electronics and a microcontroller. An output jack is adapted to be inserted in a port of the mobile device and deliver an output jack signal to the mobile device.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 17, 2011
    Publication date: May 24, 2012
    Inventors: Kartik Lamba, Amish Babu, Adam David Peter Rothschild, Jack Dorsey, James M. McKelvey

 

  • Publication number: 20120118956
    Abstract: A method is provided of transmitting information with a communication protocol to a mobile device. A card reader is provided with a read head that has a slot for swiping a magnetic stripe of a card, an output jack and device electronics that includes a microcontroller. The read head is used to read data on a magnetic stripe of a card. A raw magnetic signal is produced indicative of data stored on the magnetic stripe. The raw magnetic head signal is converted into a processed digital signal that the microcontroller can interpret. A synchronous Manchester encoded stream is produced that makes a greater number of 0 crossings. A Manchester encoded stream output jack signal is delivered to the mobile device through the output jack.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 17, 2011
    Publication date: May 17, 2012
    Inventors: Kartik Lamba, Amish Babu, Michael Shyh-yen Ho, Adam David Peter Rothschild, Gerald Thomas Ryle, Jack Dorsey, James M. McKelvey

 

  • Publication number: 20120097740
    Abstract: A method of transmitting information to a mobile device has a card reader with wake-up electronics and a microcontroller, and a power supply coupled to the wake-up electronics and the microcontroller. Data is read on the magnetic stripe. A raw magnetic signal is produced indicative of data stored on the magnetic stripe. The raw magnetic head signal is converted into a processed digital signal that the microcontroller can interpret. An output jack signal is sent to the mobile device.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 17, 2011
    Publication date: April 26, 2012
    Inventors: Kartik Lamba, Amish Babu, Adam David Peter Rothschild, Jack Dorsey, James M. McKelvey

 

  • Publication number: 20120097739
    Abstract: A method of transmitting information to a mobile device includes providing a card reader is provided with a read head, a slot for swiping a magnetic stripe of a card and device electronics that includes an analog front-end and a microcontroller. The analog to digital front end is coupled to a processing element in the microcontroller. A raw magnetic head signal is received at the analog to digital front end. The raw magnetic head signal is converted into a processed digital signal that the microcontroller can interpret. An output jack output jack signal is delivered to the mobile device.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 17, 2011
    Publication date: April 26, 2012
    Inventors: Amish Babu, Kartik Lamba, Elliot John Patrick Sather, Adam David Peter Rothschild, Jack Dorsey, James M. McKelvey

 

  • Publication number: 20120093288
    Abstract: A scanning system and methods for inspecting contents of a container. High-energy penetrating radiation collimated into a fan beam illuminates an inspected container from one side, while a plurality of detector plates are disposed on the opposite side of the container. Each detector plate has a plurality of detector modules, each of which, in turn, is disposed on a remotely activated alignment and has multiple detector elements. A controller governs the orientation of each of the plurality of detector plates based at least on the detector signal generated by its detector elements such that each detector element of each detector module of each detector plate may be aligned to within a specified fraction of the transverse dimension of the fan beam as measured at the exit slot.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 19, 2011
    Publication date: April 19, 2012
    Applicant: AMERICAN SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING, INC.
    Inventors: Richard Mastronardi, Jeffrey M. Denker, Peter Rothschild, Dan-Cristian Dinca, Aaron D. Pailes, David R. Blake, Domenic Martignetti

 

  • Publication number: 20110081328
    Abstract: Strains of lactic acid bacteria selected for their capability of increasing the BSH-activity and consequently lowering serum LDL-cholesterol, and simultaneously decreasing the pro-inflammatory cytokine TNF-? levels, for prophylaxis and/or treatment of atherosclerosis and other cardiovascular diseases, a method of selecting such strains, and products containing such strains.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 18, 2010
    Publication date: April 7, 2011
    Inventors: Peter Rothschild, Eamonn Connolly, Bo Mollstam

 

  • Publication number: 20090175412
    Abstract: Systems and methods for detecting clandestine fissile or radioactive material on the basis of emitted radiation and particles (such as neutrons and alpha particles) arising from within the material. Emission by the fissile or radioactive material is detected in conjunction with a conventional x-ray imaging system that includes an external source of illuminating penetrating radiation, at least one detector configured to detect at least the penetrating radiation and to generate a detector signal, and a processor configured as a detector signal discriminator to generate an output indicating whether the detector signal is triggered by an origin other than illuminating penetrating radiation. Active and passive modes of detection are described by some embodiments. Other embodiments are directed toward neutron detection, gamma ray detection with energy resolution, and designs of detectors to enhance the detection of clandestine nuclear material.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 26, 2008
    Publication date: July 9, 2009
    Applicant: AMERICAN SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING, INC.
    Inventors: Lee Grodzins, Peter Rothschild, William L. Adams

 

  • Patent number: 7551715
    Abstract: Systems and methods for inspecting an object with a scanned beam of penetrating radiation are disclosed. Scattered radiation from the beam is detected, in either the backward or forward direction. Characteristic values of the backscattered radiation are compared to expected reference values to characterize the object. Additionally, penetrating radiation transmitted through the inspected object may be combined with scatter information. In certain embodiments, the inspected field of view is less than 0.1 steradians, and the detector is separate from the source of penetrating radiation and is disposed, with respect to the object, such as to subtend greater than 0.5 steradians in the field of view of the object.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 23, 2006
    Date of Patent: June 23, 2009
    Assignee: American Science and Engineering, Inc.
    Inventors: Peter Rothschild, Jeffrey Schubert, William J. Baukus, William Wade Sapp, Jr., Richard Schueller, Joseph Callerame, William Randall Cason

 

  • Patent number: 7538325
    Abstract: An x-ray inspection system for identifying fissile material includes one or more sources of penetrating radiation that generate first, second, and third instantaneous spectra where the object is exposed to the second only if there is no penetration of the first and the object is exposed to the third only if there is no penetration of the second. Further, the source of the second and the third spectra is a source adapted to provide single pulses. Consequently, ambient levels of radiation may be held below cabinet levels while identifying objects containing fissile material.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 31, 2007
    Date of Patent: May 26, 2009
    Assignee: American Science and Engineering, Inc.
    Inventors: Andrey V. Mishin, William Wade Sapp, Jr., Peter Rothschild

 

  • Patent number: 7505556
    Abstract: An inspection system based upon an imaging enclosure characterized by an enclosing body, or skin. A source of penetrating radiation and a spatial modulator for forming the penetrating radiation into a beam, are both concealed entirely within the body of an enclosure such as a shipping container for convenient operational deployment. Multiple modules, such as for providing power and for enclosing an operator console may be coupled to the imaging enclosure. An image is formed of the contents of the object based in part on the scatter signal and the relative motion signal. A detector, which may be separate or part of the scatter detector module, may exhibit sensitivity to decay products of radioactive material.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 11, 2006
    Date of Patent: March 17, 2009
    Assignee: American Science and Engineering, Inc.
    Inventors: Alex Chalmers, Louis W. Perich, Peter Rothschild, William John Baukus

 

  • Publication number: 20080254011
    Abstract: Strains of lactic acid bacteria selected for their capability of increasing the BSH-activity and consequently lowering serum LDL-cholesterol, and simultaneously decreasing the pro-inflammatory cytokine TNF-? levels, for prophylaxis and/or treatment of atherosclerosis and other cardiovascular diseases, a method of selecting such strains, and products containing such strains.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 11, 2007
    Publication date: October 16, 2008
    Inventors: Peter Rothschild, Eamonn Connolly, Bo Mollstam

 

  • Publication number: 20080111080
    Abstract: An x-ray inspection system for identifying fissile material includes one or more sources of penetrating radiation that generate first, second, and third instantaneous spectra where the object is exposed to the second only if there is no penetration of the first and the object is exposed to the third only if there is no penetration of the second. Further, the source of the second and the third spectra is a source adapted to provide single pulses. Consequently, ambient levels of radiation may be held below cabinet levels while identifying objects containing fissile material.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 31, 2007
    Publication date: May 15, 2008
    Applicant: AMERICAN SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING, INC.
    Inventors: Andrey V. Mishin, William Wade Sapp, Peter Rothschild

 

  • Publication number: 20080049899
    Abstract: Methods for characterizing an inspected object on the basis of attenuation determined from pair-wise illuminated voxels. A beam of penetrating radiation characterized by a propagation direction and an energy distribution is scanned across an object, while scatter detectors with collimated fields-of-view detect radiation scattered by each voxel of the inspected object that is intercepted by the incident beam of penetrating radiation. By calculating the attenuation of penetrating radiation between pairs of voxels of incidence of the incident beam, a tomographic image is obtained characterizing the three-dimensional distribution of attenuation in the object of one or more energies of penetrating radiation, and thus of various material characteristics.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 22, 2007
    Publication date: February 28, 2008
    Applicant: AMERICAN SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING, INC.
    Inventor: Peter Rothschild

 

  • Publication number: 20070269005
    Abstract: An inspection system based upon an imaging enclosure characterized by an enclosing body, or skin. A source of penetrating radiation and a spatial modulator for forming the penetrating radiation into a beam, are both concealed entirely within the body of an enclosure such as a shipping container for convenient operational deployment. Multiple modules, such as for providing power and for enclosing an operator console may be coupled to the imaging enclosure. An image is formed of the contents of the object based in part on the scatter signal and the relative motion signal. A detector, which may be separate or part of the scatter detector module, may exhibit sensitivity to decay products of radioactive material.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 11, 2006
    Publication date: November 22, 2007
    Inventors: Alex Chalmers, Louis Perich, Peter Rothschild, William Baukus

 

  • Publication number: 20070258562
    Abstract: A system and methods are provided for imaging an object, based on activating an array of discrete X-ray sources in a prescribed temporal pattern so as to illuminate the object with a beam varying in spatial orientation, and detecting X-rays of the beam after interaction with the object and generating a detector signal. An image of the object may then be constructed on the basis of the time variation of the detector signal. The discrete X-ray sources may be moved during the course of inspection, moreover, the prescribed temporal pattern may constitute a Hadamard code. The discrete sources may be carbon nanotube x-ray sources.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 19, 2007
    Publication date: November 8, 2007
    Inventors: Dan-Cristian Dinca, Richard Mastronardi, Peter Rothschild

 

  • Publication number: 20070172031
    Abstract: Devices and methods for collimation of a penetrating radiation source, such as an x-ray source, for the purpose of creating a scanning beam, as might be employed for purposes of imaging. A first scanning element, constrained to move about a first axis, has at least one aperture for scanning radiation from inside the first scanning element to outside the first scanning element. A second scanning element constrained to move with respect to a second axis, typically identical to the first, has at least one aperture for scanning radiation that has been transmitted through the first scanning element across a region of an inspected object.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 20, 2006
    Publication date: July 26, 2007
    Inventors: William Cason, Peter Rothschild

 

  • Patent number: 7218704
    Abstract: An inspection system based upon an enclosed conveyance such as a van, capable of road travel, for inspecting persons or objects. The conveyance is characterized by an enclosing body, or skin. A source of penetrating radiation and a spatial modulator for forming the penetrating radiation into a beam, both contained entirely within the body of the enclosed conveyance, irradiate the person or object with a time-variable scanning profile. A detector module generates a scatter signal based on the scatter of penetrating radiation. A proximity sensor may be employed to generate a relative motion signal based on a relative disposition of the conveyance and the inspected object. An image is formed of the contents of the object based in part on the scatter signal and the relative motion signal. A detector, which may be separate or part of the scatter detector module, may exhibit sensitivity to decay products of radioactive material.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 29, 2005
    Date of Patent: May 15, 2007
    Assignee: American Science and Engineering, Inc.
    Inventors: William L. Adams, Alex Chalmers, Lee Grodzins, Louis W. Perich, Peter Rothschild

 

  • Publication number: 20070098142
    Abstract: Systems and methods for inspecting an object with a scanned beam of penetrating radiation are disclosed. Scattered radiation from the beam is detected, in either the backward or forward direction. Characteristic values of the backscattered radiation are compared to expected reference values to characterize the object. Additionally, penetrating radiation transmitted through the inspected object may be combined with scatter information. In certain embodiments, the inspected field of view is less than 0.1 steradians, and the detector is separate from the source of penetrating radiation and is disposed, with respect to the object, such as to subtend greater than 0.5 steradians in the field of view of the object.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 23, 2006
    Publication date: May 3, 2007
    Inventors: Peter Rothschild, Jeffrey Schubert, William Baukus, William Sapp, Richard Schueller, Joseph Callerame, William Cason

 

  • Publication number: 20060251211
    Abstract: A system for inspecting an enclosure. A source generates a beam of penetrating radiation that is characterized, at each instant of time, by a power spectrum of intensity as a function of energy. A first module conveys the source along the length of the enclosure while a detector, coupled so as to move in coordination with the first module, detects the beam of penetrating radiation after the beam interacts with the object and generating a detector signal. A beam shaper modifies the instantaneous power spectrum of the beam of penetrating radiation. The first module and the detector may be coupled by a gantry straddling the enclosure. Other modules may be coupled to move with the first module.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 7, 2006
    Publication date: November 9, 2006
    Inventors: Lee Grodzins, Peter Rothschild, Louis Perich, David Montion, David Hotham

 

  • Patent number: 7099434
    Abstract: An inspection system based upon an enclosed conveyance such as a van, capable of road travel, for inspecting objects of inspection that may include persons. The conveyance is characterized by an enclosing body, or skin. A source of penetrating radiation and a spatial modulator for forming the penetrating radiation into a beam, both contained entirely within the body of the enclosed conveyance, irradiate an object with a time-variable scanning profile. A detector module generates a scatter signal based on penetrating radiation scattered by contents of the object, while a proximity sensor generates a relative motion signal based on a relative disposition of the conveyance and the inspected object. An image is formed of the contents of the object based in part on the scatter signal and the relative motion signal. A detector, which may be separate or part of the scatter detector module, may exhibit sensitivity to decay products of radioactive material.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 21, 2003
    Date of Patent: August 29, 2006
    Assignee: American Science and Engineering, Inc.
    Inventors: William Adams, Alex Chalmers, Lee Grodzins, Louis W. Perich, Peter Rothschild
  • Patent number: 7010094
    Abstract: A system and method for inspecting an object, the system and method comprising a source for generating a penetrating radiation beam for irradiating the object, the beam having, for each instant of time, an instantaneous energy spectrum of intensity, a shaper for modulating the generated beam, thereby creating a shaped beam, the shaper comprising at least a first section and a second section, the first section attenuating the intensity of a portion of the generated beam by a first attenuation factor and the second section attenuating the intensity of another portion of the generated beam by a second attenuation factor, and at least one detector for detecting the shaped beam after the shaped beam interacts with the object. The source may scan a beam across an object while the source and at least one detector are moving on a platform capable of highway travel or on an inspection module movable with respect to the object.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 31, 2002
    Date of Patent: March 7, 2006
    Assignee: American Science and Engineering, Inc.
    Inventors: Lee Grodzins, Peter Rothschild, Roderick D. Swift

 

  • Publication number: 20050117683
    Abstract: An x-ray inspection system for identifying fissile material includes one or more sources of penetrating radiation that generate first, second, and third instantaneous spectra where the object is exposed to the second only if there is no penetration of the first and the object is exposed to the third only if there is no penetration of the second. Further, the sources of the second and the third spectra are pulsed. Consequently, ambient levels of radiation may be held below cabinet levels while identifying objects containing fissile material.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 4, 2004
    Publication date: June 2, 2005
    Inventors: Andrey Mishin, Wade Sapp, Lee Grodzins, Peter Rothschild

 

  • Publication number: 20050105665
    Abstract: Some embodiments of the invention are directed toward systems and methods of detecting clandestine nuclear material in the form of emitted radiation and particles (e.g., neutrons and alpha particles). These embodiments, which may be used in conjunction with a conventional x-ray imaging system, may include an external source of penetrating radiation, at least one detector configured to detect at least penetrating radiation and to generate a detector signal, and a processor configured as a detector signal discriminator to generate an output indicating whether the detector signal is triggered by an origin other than backscattered penetrating radiation. Active and passive modes of detection are described by some embodiments. Other embodiments are directed toward neutron detection, gamma ray detection with energy resolution, and designs of detectors to enhance the detection of clandestine nuclear material.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 31, 2003
    Publication date: May 19, 2005
    Inventors: Lee Grodzins, Peter Rothschild

 

  • Publication number: 20040256565
    Abstract: An inspection system based upon an enclosed conveyance such as a van capable of road travel. The conveyance is characterized by an enclosing body, or skin. The system has a source of penetrating radiation contained entirely within the body of the enclosed conveyance and a spatial modulator for forming the penetrating radiation into a beam for irradiating an object with a time-variable scanning profile. A detector module generates a scatter signal based on penetrating radiation scattered by contents of the object, while a proximity sensor generates a relative motion signal based on a relative disposition of the conveyance and the inspected object. An image is formed of the contents of the object based in part on the scatter signal and the relative motion signal. A detector, which may be separate or part of the scatter detector module, exhibits sensitivity to decay products of radioactive material.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 26, 2002
    Publication date: December 23, 2004
    Inventors: William Adams, Alex Chalmers, Lee Grodzins, Louis W. Perich, Peter Rothschild

 

  • Publication number: 20040086078
    Abstract: An inspection system based upon an enclosed conveyance such as a van, capable of road travel, for inspecting objects of inspection that may include persons. The conveyance is characterized by an enclosing body, or skin. A source of penetrating radiation and a spatial modulator for forming the penetrating radiation into a beam, both contained entirely within the body of the enclosed conveyance, irradiate an object with a time-variable scanning profile. A detector module generates a scatter signal based on penetrating radiation scattered by contents of the object, while a proximity sensor generates a relative motion signal based on a relative disposition of the conveyance and the inspected object. An image is formed of the contents of the object based in part on the scatter signal and the relative motion signal. A detector, which may be separate or part of the scatter detector module, may exhibit sensitivity to decay products of radioactive material.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 21, 2003
    Publication date: May 6, 2004
    Inventors: William Adams, Alex Chalmers, Lee Grodzins, Louis W. Perich, Peter Rothschild

 

  • Patent number: 6621888
    Abstract: A system and method for inspecting an enclosure with penetrating radiation. Radiation side-scattered from an object within the enclosure is detected, allowing the object to be located. If the object is deemed suspect, a volume element of the suspect object is further irradiated with penetrating radiation, and radiation coherently-scattered by the volume element is detected. The energy spectrum and angular distribution of the coherently-scattered radiation are used to characterize the volume element of the suspect object.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 8, 2002
    Date of Patent: September 16, 2003
    Assignee: American Science and Engineering, Inc.
    Inventors: Lee Grodzins, William Adams, Peter Rothschild

 

  • Publication number: 20030165211
    Abstract: An apparatus and method for detecting neutrons, particularly, with directional sensitivity. The apparatus is a detector with a scintillator containing high neutron-capture-cross-section atoms for capturing neutrons and emitting electromagnetic radiation, and an optical detector for detecting the emitted electromagnetic radiation and for generating an electrical signal. The high neutron-capture-cross-section atoms may be gadolynium, in particular, and the detector may additionally have a moderator for converting fast neutrons into thermal neutrons that are then captured by the high neutron-capture-cross-section atoms.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 29, 2002
    Publication date: September 4, 2003
    Inventors: Lee Grodzins, Peter Rothschild

 

  • Publication number: 20030097351
    Abstract: A portable device is provided to be carried e.g. by an individual or a family member, that contains medical history and medical image files including, among other things, medical data, images, reports, and other patient information. The device is small and in one embodiment comprises a key chain or thumb-sized device. The device includes an installer with viewing software that can be installed though a universal port on to any viewing device such as a PC. The viewing software also allows addition and removal of data files to and from the portable device, and incorporation of the data files into a relational database on the portable device.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 20, 2001
    Publication date: May 22, 2003
    Inventors: Peter A. Rothschild, Vijendra Guru Raaj Prasad

 

  • Publication number: 20030016783
    Abstract: A system and method for inspecting an enclosure with penetrating radiation. Radiation side-scattered from an object within the enclosure is detected, allowing the object to be located. If the object is deemed suspect, a volume element of the suspect object is further irradiated with penetrating radiation, and radiation coherently-scattered by the volume element is detected. The energy spectrum and angular distribution of the coherently-scattered radiation are used to characterize the volume element of the suspect object.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 8, 2002
    Publication date: January 23, 2003
    Inventors: Lee Grodzins, William Adams, Peter Rothschild

 

  • Publication number: 20030016790
    Abstract: A system and method for inspecting an object, the system and method comprising a source for generating a penetrating radiation beam for irradiating the object, the beam having, for each instant of time, an instantaneous energy spectrum of intensity, a shaper for modulating the generated beam, thereby creating a shaped beam, the shaper comprising at least a first section and a second section, the first section attenuating the intensity of a portion of the generated beam by a first attenuation factor and the second section attenuating the intensity of another portion of the generated beam by a second attenuation factor, and at least one detector for detecting the shaped beam after the shaped beam interacts with the object. The source may scan a beam across an object while the source and at least one detector are moving on a platform capable of highway travel or on an inspection module movable with respect to the object.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 31, 2002
    Publication date: January 23, 2003
    Inventors: Lee Grodzins, Peter Rothschild, Roderick D. Swift

 

  • Patent number: 6459764
    Abstract: An inspection system for inspecting a moving vehicle and for detecting material disposed within the vehicle. The system has a source for providing a generally horizontally pointing beam of penetrating radiation of specified cross-section so as to illuminate vehicles driven alongside the source of radiation. A detector arrangement, disposed between the source of radiation and the moving vehicle detects radiation from the beam scattered by any material disposed on the underside of the moving vehicle and generates a scattered radiation signal that may be used for characterizing the material disposed within the vehicle.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 2, 2000
    Date of Patent: October 1, 2002
    Assignee: American Science and Engineering, Inc.
    Inventors: Alexander Chalmers, Peter Rothschild, Lee Grodzins

 

  • Patent number: 6459761
    Abstract: A system and methods for non-invasive x-ray inspection of an enclosure in such a manner as to reduce the ambient radiation dose to below a specified level. A beam spectrally filtered to emphasize a high-energy component of penetrating radiation is interleaved, temporally, with a beam dominated by a low-energy component. Thus both lightly loaded and heavily loaded cargo may be inspected while limiting the ambient scattered radiation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 10, 2000
    Date of Patent: October 1, 2002
    Assignee: American Science and Engineering, Inc.
    Inventors: Lee Grodzins, Peter Rothschild

 

  • Patent number: 6442233
    Abstract: A system and method for inspecting an enclosure. A beam of x-rays is used for scanning the enclosure and for identifying areas of suspect material. The beam is subsequently coherently scattered off suspect materials, during the course of a single pass of the enclosure past the beam, for uniquely discriminating innocuous from contraband substances. One or more energy dispersive detectors measure radiation coherently scattered by an identified volume of suspect material. Absorption effects of the energy distribution of the coherently scattered radiation are compensated by means of a fiducial reference disposed between the interrogated object and the detectors.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 11, 2000
    Date of Patent: August 27, 2002
    Assignee: American Science and Engineering, Inc.
    Inventors: Lee Grodzins, William Adams, Peter Rothschild

 

  • Patent number: 6434219
    Abstract: An apparatus and method for creating a beam of penetrating radiation of specified cross section that raster scans over a two-dimensional area, using a chopper wheel rotated about two axes. The wheel has a set of apertures of which at least one is illuminated to form the beam. Rotary actuators rotate the wheel about an axis of rotational symmetry of the wheel and about an axis not parallel to the axis of rotational symmetry of the wheel.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 24, 2001
    Date of Patent: August 13, 2002
    Assignee: American Science and Engineering, Inc.
    Inventors: Peter Rothschild, Lee Grodzins

 

  • Patent number: 6356620
    Abstract: A method and apparatus for producing a scanned beam of penetrating radiation. A beam of particles illuminates a portion of a target, the illuminated portion comprising a focal spot having a centroid. Illumination of the target creates a beam of penetrating radiation such as x-rays. The beam of particles is swept across the target in such a manner that the centroid of the focal spot lies on a line defined by the instantaneous direction of the beam of penetrating radiation as defined, in turn, by a collimating path.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 26, 2000
    Date of Patent: March 12, 2002
    Assignee: American Science & Engineering, Inc.
    Inventors: Peter Rothschild, Lee Grodzins

 

  • Publication number: 20020016718
    Abstract: The present invention provides a medical image management system and method that uses a central data management system to centrally manage the storage and transmission of electronic records containing medical images between remotely located facilities. The present invention also provides a system and method for packaging an image for secure transmission. The present invention also provides a system for tracking delivery and review of images and various attachments or augmentations to the image files. The invention also provides a system and method for providing lifetime storage of images that may be accessed by different authorized imaging centers and providers throughout the life of the patient. An image or file is packaged to be transmitted through a firewall of an image viewing location and stored in a relational database at the remote viewer. The image is delivered to a physician for ready accessibility at a remote viewer. Various files may be added to the patient’s file at remote viewers.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 1, 2001
    Publication date: February 7, 2002
    Inventors: Peter A. Rothschild, Vijendra Guru Raaj Prasad, William M. M. Weir

 

  • Publication number: 20020003867
    Abstract: Systems and methods capable of communication with a caller over a voice communication channel. The systems and methods allow a customer to employ a telephone to dial a telephone number that connects them with a central server. The server operates a voice recognition process that presents the customer with a computer-generated voice menu of options—for example, grocery delivery, takeout food, taxicabs, or information services. The caller would then say “food.” They would then say the location of their home after being prompted by the server system. After hearing a list of food options, the caller may select a choice by saying for example “Chinese”. The system would then present them with a list of restaurants to choose from. The caller would say the name of the restaurant of their choice, and the system would then route the call directly to the restaurant.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 20, 2001
    Publication date: January 10, 2002
    Inventors: Peter Rothschild, Robert LaChance

 

  • Patent number: 6249567
    Abstract: An inspection system for inspecting a vehicle moving at a grade of travel over a surface and for detecting material disposed within or on the underside of the vehicle. The system has a source for providing a generally upward or downward pointing beam of penetrating radiation of specified cross-section so as to illuminate vehicles driven above or below the source of radiation. A detector arrangement, disposed below the grade of travel, detects radiation from the beam scattered by any material disposed on the underside of the moving vehicle and generates a scattered radiation signal that may be used for characterizing the material disposed on the underside of the vehicle. Similarly, a detector arrangement disposed above the vehicle generates a scattered radiation signal that may be used for characterizing the material disposed within the vehicle.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 13, 1999
    Date of Patent: June 19, 2001
    Assignee: American Science & Engineering, Inc.
    Inventors: Peter Rothschild, Lee Grodzins

 

  • Patent number: 5930326
    Abstract: An x-ray tomography system measures x-rays side-scattered by material concealed within an enveloping surface. One or more x-ray beams are incident on the enveloping surface and scattered onto collimated detectors disposed in arrays parallel to the incident x-ray beams. By varying the relative orientation of the enveloping surface with respect to the x-ray beams and measuring the x-rays side-scattered by the material concealed within the enveloping surface, the shape, density, position and composition of the contents of the enveloping surface may be mapped.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 8, 1997
    Date of Patent: July 27, 1999
    Assignee: American Science and Engineering, Inc.
    Inventors: Peter Rothschild, Lee Grodzins

 

  • Patent number: 4897604
    Abstract: A bridge conductors for the turns of an MRI RF coil may be connected serially within a connector joint area of an inductive coil so as to selectively increase its physical size (e.g., so as to accommodate larger patient volumes to imaged therewithin). Serial capacitance may be included in at least one of the bridging conductors so as to substantially reduce the net inductive impedance of the added bridge conductors such that the standard coil RF tuning and impedance matching circuits may still operate within their normal predetermined adjustable ranges.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 21, 1989
    Date of Patent: January 30, 1990
    Assignee: The Regents of the University of California
    Inventors: Joseph W. Carlson, Leon Kaufman, Peter A. Rothschild

 

Link To Source

 

 

 


 

 

Link To Justia Patents Richard A Rothschild

US Patent 2020279585: PCR Test Submitted by Richard Rothschild

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Link To System and Method for Testing for Covid-19

“A method is provided for acquiring and transmitting biometric data (e.g., vital signs) of a user, where the data is analyzed to determine whether the user is suffering from a viral infection, such as COVID-19. The method includes using a pulse oximeter to acquire at least pulse and blood oxygen saturation percentage, which is transmitted wirelessly to a smartphone. To ensure that the data is accurate, an accelerometer within the smartphone is used to measure movement of the smartphone and/or the user. Once accurate data is acquired, it is uploaded to the cloud (or host), where the data is used (alone or together with other vital signs) to determine whether the user is suffering from (or likely to suffer from) a viral infection, such as COVID-19. Depending on the specific requirements, the data, changes thereto, and/or the determination can be used to alert medical staff and take corresponding actions.” Link